FOR AN ACT ENTITLED, An Act to provide for mandatory HIV testing for any person
convicted of prostitution or solicitation of prostitution and to provide for appropriate
utilization of the test results.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF SOUTH DAKOTA:
Section 1. Any person convicted of prostitution or solicitation of prostitution shall be
required, with or without that person's consent, to undergo a standard diagnostic test for human
immunodeficiency virus (HIV) under the testing protocol of the Department of Health.
Section 2. After conviction, but prior to sentencing, the court shall order the convicted
person to submit to an HIV test and shall issue a warrant to collect a blood sample from that
person. A health professional licensed or certified to do so shall take the blood samples required
for testing and forward them to the Department of Health. The Department of Health shall
initiate the test for HIV within forty-eight hours after the department receives the blood sample.
If the screening test required by this section indicates the presence of antibodies to HIV, the
court shall order the person to undergo a confirmatory test.
Section 3. The court shall order the convicted person to pay the cost of the testing. The cost
shall be treated as any other court cost or fine under chapter 23A-27. If the person tested is an
inmate under the jurisdiction of the Department of Corrections, the cost of testing shall be taken
from the person's inmate account pursuant to § 24-2-29.
Section 4. The final test results shall be reported to the person tested along with
precautionary, medical care, and counseling information. Except as provided in section 5 of this
Act, the results of the test shall remain confidential.
Section 5. Any person who may have had sexual relations with or otherwise exchanged
bodily fluids with the tested person may petition the court to receive the results of the HIV test.
The petition shall state that the petitioner believes there was an exchange of blood, semen, or
other bodily fluids with the tested person and shall state the factual basis for believing there was
such an exchange. The court shall hold a hearing at which both the petitioner and the tested
person may be present. If the court finds probable cause that there was an exchange of blood,
semen, or other bodily fluids, the court may issue an order releasing the test results to the
Section 6. The results of the test may not be used as evidence in any criminal prosecution.