State of South Dakota  
EIGHTY-SEVENTH SESSION
LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY, 2012  

400T0247   HOUSE BILL   NO.  1050  

Introduced by:    The Committee on Judiciary at the request of the Department of the Military
 

        FOR AN ACT ENTITLED, An Act to revise certain provisions regarding National Guard discipline and courts-martial.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF SOUTH DAKOTA:
    Section 1. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Terms used in this Act mean:
            (1)    "Accuser," a person who signs and swears to charges, any person who directs that charges nominally be signed and sworn to by another, and any other person who has an interest other than an official interest in the prosecution of the accused;
            (2)    "Cadet," "candidate," or "midshipman," a person who is enrolled in or attending a state military academy, a regional training institute, or any other formal education program for the purpose of becoming a commissioned officer in the state military forces;
            (3)    "Classified information,":
            (a)    Any information or material that has been determined by an official of the

United States or any state pursuant to law, an executive order, or regulation to require protection against unauthorized disclosure for reasons of national or state security; and

            (b)    Any restricted data, as defined in section 11(y) of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. § 2014(y)) as of January 1, 2012;
            (4)    "Code," this Act;
            (5)    "Commanding officer," includes only commissioned officers of the state military forces and shall include officers in charge only when administering nonjudicial punishment pursuant to this code. The term, commander, has the same meaning as commanding officer;
            (6)    "Convening authority," includes, in addition to the person who convened the court, a commissioned officer commanding for the time being or a successor in command to the convening authority;
            (7)    "Day," a calendar day and is not synonymous with the term, unit training assembly. Any punishment authorized by this code which is measured in terms of days shall, if served in a status other than annual field training, be construed to mean succeeding duty days;
            (8)    "Duty status other than state active duty," any other type of duty not in federal service and not full-time duty in the active service of the state under an order issued by authority of law and includes travel to and from such duty;
            (9)    "Enlisted member," a person in an enlisted grade;
            (10)    "Judge advocate," a commissioned officer of the organized state military forces who is a member in good standing of the bar of the highest court of a state, and is:
            (a)    Certified or designated as a judge advocate in the Judge Advocate General's

Corps of the Army, Air Force, Navy, or the Marine Corps or designated as a law specialist as an officer of the Coast Guard, or a reserve component of one of these; or

            (b)    Certified as a nonfederally recognized judge advocate by the senior judge advocate of the commander of the force in the state military forces of which the accused is a member, as competent to perform such military justice duties required by this code. If there is no such judge advocate available, then such certification may be made by such senior judge advocate of the commander of another force in the state military forces, as the convening authority directs;
            (11)    "Military court," a court-martial or a court of inquiry;
            (12)    "Military judge," an official of a general or special court-martial detailed in accordance with section 58 of this Act;
            (13)    "Military offenses," those offenses prescribed under this chapter;
            (14)    "National security," the national defense and foreign relations of the United States;
            (15)    "Officer," a commissioned or warrant officer;
            (16)    "Officer in charge," a member of the naval militia, the Navy, the Marine Corps, or the Coast Guard designated as such by appropriate authority;
            (17)    "Record," when used in connection with the proceedings of a court-martial:
            (a)    An official written transcript, written summary, or other writing relating to the proceedings; or
            (b)    An official audiotape, videotape, digital image or file, or similar material from which sound, or sound and visual images, depicting the proceedings may be reproduced;
            (18)    "State," one of the several states, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of

Puerto Rico, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands;

            (19)    "State active duty," full-time duty in the state military forces under an order of the Governor or otherwise issued by authority of law, and paid by state funds, and includes travel to and from such duty;
            (20)    "Senior force judge advocate," the senior judge advocate of the commander of the same force of the state military forces as the accused and who is that commander's chief legal advisor;
            (21)    "State military forces," the National Guard of the State of South Dakota, as defined in Title 32, United States Code, and any other military force organized under the Constitution and laws of this State, when not in a status subjecting them to exclusive jurisdiction under chapter 47 of Title 10, United States Code;
            (22)    "Superior commissioned officer," a commissioned officer superior in rank or command;
            (23)    "Senior force commander," the commander of the same force of the state military forces as the accused.
    Section 2. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    This code applies at all times to all members of the state military forces and all other military forces attached or assigned thereto.
    Section 3. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Subject matter jurisdiction is established if a nexus exists between an offense, either military or nonmilitary, and the state military force. Courts-martial have primary jurisdiction of military offenses as defined in section 1 of this Act. A proper civilian court has primary jurisdiction of

a nonmilitary offense when an act or omission violates both this code and local criminal law, foreign or domestic. In such a case, a court-martial may be initiated only after the civilian authority has declined to prosecute or dismissed the charge, provided jeopardy has not attached. Jurisdiction over attempted crimes, conspiracy crimes, solicitation, and accessory crimes shall be determined by the underlying offense.
    Section 4. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    Each person discharged from the state military forces who is later charged with having fraudulently obtained a discharge is, subject to sections 107 to 110, inclusive, of this Act, subject to trial by court-martial on that charge and is, after apprehension, subject to this code while in custody under the direction of the state military forces for that trial. Upon conviction of that charge that person is subject to trial by court-martial for all offenses under this code committed before the fraudulent discharge.
    Section 5. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    No person who has deserted from the state military forces may be relieved from amenability to the jurisdiction of this code by virtue of a separation from any later period of service.
    Section 6. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    This code has applicability at all times and in all places, provided that either the person subject to the code is in a duty status or, if not in a duty status, that there is a nexus between the act or omission constituting the offense and the efficient functioning of the state military forces. However, this grant of military jurisdiction shall neither preclude nor limit civilian jurisdiction over an offense, which is limited only by the prohibition of double jeopardy.
    Section 7. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Courts-martial and courts of inquiry may be convened and held in units of the state military forces while those units are serving outside the state with the same jurisdiction and powers as to persons subject to this code as if the proceedings were held inside the state, and offenses committed outside the state may be tried and punished either inside or outside the state.
    Section 8. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The senior force judge advocates in each of the state's military forces or that judge advocate's delegates shall make frequent inspections in the field in supervision of the administration of military justice in that force.
    Section 9. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Convening authorities shall at all times communicate directly with their judge advocates in matters relating to the administration of military justice. The judge advocate of any command is entitled to communicate directly with the judge advocate of a superior or subordinate command, or with the state judge advocate.
    Section 10. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    No person who has acted as member, military judge, trial counsel, defense counsel, or investigating officer, or who has been a witness, in any case may later act as a judge advocate to any reviewing authority upon the same case.
    Section 11. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Apprehension is the taking of a person into custody.
    Section 12. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person authorized by this code or by chapter 47 of Title 10, United States Code, or by regulations issued under either, to apprehend persons subject to this code, any marshal of a court-martial appointed pursuant to the provisions of this code, and any peace officer or civil officer having authority to apprehend offenders under the laws of the United States or of a state, may do so upon probable cause that an offense has been committed and that the person apprehended committed it.
    Section 13. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Commissioned officers, warrant officers, petty officers, and noncommissioned officers have authority to quell quarrels, frays, and disorders among persons subject to this code and to apprehend persons subject to this code who take part therein.
    Section 14. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    If an offender is apprehended outside the state, the offender's return to the area must be in accordance with normal extradition procedures or by reciprocal agreement.
    Section 15. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    No person authorized by this section to apprehend persons subject to this code or the place where such offender is confined, restrained, held, or otherwise housed may require payment of any fee or charge for so receiving, apprehending, confining, restraining, holding, or otherwise housing a person except as otherwise provided by law.
    Section 16. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Arrest is the restraint of a person by an order, not imposed as a punishment for an offense, directing the person to remain within certain specified limits. Confinement is the physical restraint of a person.
    Section 17. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    An enlisted member may be ordered into arrest or confinement by any commissioned officer by an order, oral or written, delivered in person or through other persons subject to this code. A commanding officer may authorize warrant officers, petty officers, or noncommissioned officers to order enlisted members of the commanding officer's command or subject to the commanding officer's authority into arrest or confinement.
    Section 18. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    A commissioned officer, a warrant officer, or a civilian subject to this code or to trial thereunder may be ordered into arrest or confinement only by a commanding officer to whose authority the person is subject, by an order, oral or written, delivered in person or by another commissioned officer. The authority to order such persons into arrest or confinement may not be delegated.
    Section 19. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    No person may be ordered into arrest or confinement except for probable cause.
    Section 20. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Sections 16 to 19, inclusive, of this Act, do not limit the authority of persons authorized to apprehend offenders to secure the custody of an alleged offender until proper authority may be notified.
    Section 21. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    If any person subject to this code is placed in arrest or confinement prior to trial, immediate steps shall be taken to inform the person of the specific wrong of which the person is accused and diligent steps shall be taken to try the person or to dismiss the charges and release the person.
    Section 22. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    If a person subject to this code is confined before, during, or after trial, confinement may be in a civilian or military confinement facility.
    Section 23. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    No person authorized to receive prisoners pursuant to this code may refuse to receive or keep any prisoner committed to the person's charge by a commissioned officer of the state military forces, if the committing officer furnishes a statement, signed by such officer, of the offense charged against the prisoner, unless otherwise authorized by law.
    Section 24. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Each person authorized to receive prisoners pursuant to this code to whose charge a prisoner is committed shall, within twenty-four hours after that commitment or as soon as the person is relieved from guard, report to the commanding officer of the prisoner the name of the prisoner,

the offense charged against the prisoner, and the name of the person who ordered or authorized the commitment.
    Section 25. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    No member of the state military forces may be placed in confinement in immediate association with enemy prisoners or other foreign nationals not members of the armed forces.
    Section 26. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    No person, while being held for trial or awaiting a verdict, may be subjected to punishment or penalty other than arrest or confinement upon the charges pending against the person. The arrest or confinement imposed upon such person may not be any more rigorous than the circumstances required to insure the person's presence, but the person may be subjected to minor punishment during that period for infractions of discipline.
    Section 27. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    A person subject to this code accused of an offense against civil authority may be delivered, upon request, to the civil authority for trial or confinement.
    Section 28. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    If delivery is made to any civil authority pursuant to section 27 of this Act of a person undergoing sentence of a court-martial, the delivery, if followed by conviction in a civil tribunal, interrupts the execution of the sentence of the court-martial, and the offender after having answered to the civil authorities for the offense shall, upon the request of competent military authority, be returned to the place of original custody for the completion of the person's

sentence.
    Section 29. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    If the Governor, as commander in chief, issues an order to the National Guard, or any portion thereof, or the commanding officer of an organization issues any order, to perform any military duty that may be required under the law and regulations, and any enlisted service member fails to report for duty, any law enforcement officer shall, upon written request of the commanding officer of such company or troop, if furnished with a copy of the order of the Governor or the commanding officer of the organization, arrest the enlisted service member and deliver that enlisted service member in person to the commanding officer wherever the commanding officer may direct. The law enforcement officer shall be allowed the same fees and mileage for such service as are now allowed by law in criminal cases. The fees and mileage shall in the first instance be paid by the state if the service member's duties are in the service of the state, otherwise the fees and mileage shall be paid as the United States so provides. The fees and mileage may be recovered from the servicemember in accordance with the rules and regulations of the United States armed forces. The secretary of the Department of the Military may promulgate rules, pursuant to chapter 1-26, to provide for the recovery of fines and mileage from a service member who fails to report for military duty as ordered.
    Section 30. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The commanding officer at any encampment, parade, drill, muster, annual training, or other rendezvous of the National Guard may order subordinates to perform any lawful military duty. The commanding officer may place in arrest during the time of such meeting, and confine under guard, if necessary, any officer or enlisted member who disobeys the orders of a superior officer

or in any way interrupts the training or exercises. The commanding officer may remove any other person who trespasses on the parade ground or armory, or in any way interrupts the orderly discharge of duty of any National Guard member.
    Section 31. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    Under such regulations as prescribed, any commanding officer (and for purposes of this section, officers-in-charge) may impose disciplinary punishments for minor offenses without the intervention of a court-martial pursuant to this section. The Governor, the adjutant general, or an officer of a general or flag rank in command may delegate the powers under this section to a principal assistant who is a member of the state military forces.
    Section 32. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any commanding officer may impose upon enlisted members of the officer's command the following:
            (1)    An admonition;
            (2)    A reprimand;
            (3)    The withholding of privileges for not more than six months which need not be consecutive;
            (4)    The forfeiture of pay of not more than seven day's pay;
            (5)    A fine of not more than seven day's pay;
            (6)    A reduction to the next inferior pay grade, if the grade from which demoted is within the promotion authority of the officer imposing the reduction or any officer subordinate to the one who imposes the reduction;
            (7)    Extra duties, including fatigue or other duties, for not more than fourteen days, which

need not be consecutive; and

            (8)    Restriction to certain specified limits, with or without suspension from duty, for not more than fourteen days, which need not be consecutive.
    Section 33. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any commanding officer of the grade of major or lieutenant commander, or above may impose upon enlisted members of the officer's command the following:
            (1)    Any punishment authorized in subdivisions (1), (2), and (3) of section 32 of this Act;
            (2)    The forfeiture of not more than one-half of one month's pay per month for two months;
            (3)    A fine of not more than one month's pay;
            (4)    A reduction to the lowest or any intermediate pay grade, if the grade from which demoted is within the promotion authority of the officer imposing the reduction or any officer subordinate to the one who imposes the reduction, but an enlisted member in a pay grade above E-4 may not be reduced more than two pay grades;
            (5)    Extra duties, including fatigue or other duties, for not more than forty-five days which need not be consecutive; and
            (6)    Restriction to certain specified limits, with or without suspension from duty, for not more than sixty days which need not be consecutive.
    Section 34. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The Governor, the adjutant general, an officer exercising general court-martial convening authority, or an officer of a general or flag rank in command may impose:
            (1)    Upon officers of the officer's command:
            (a)    Any punishment authorized in subdivisions (1), (2), (3), and (6) of section 33 of this Act; and
            (b)    Arrest in quarters for not more than thirty days which need not be consecutive; and
            (2)    Upon enlisted members of the officer's command, any punishment authorized in section 33 of this Act.
    Section 35. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Whenever any of those punishments are combined to run consecutively, the total length of the combined punishment cannot exceed the authorized duration of the longest punishment in the combination, and there shall be an apportionment of punishments so that no single punishment in the combination exceeds its authorized length under this section.
    Section 36. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Prior to the offer of nonjudicial punishment, the commanding officer shall determine whether arrest in quarters or restriction shall be considered as punishments. If the commanding officer determines that the punishment options may include arrest in quarters or restriction, the accused shall be notified of the right to demand trial by court-martial. If the commanding officer determines that the punishment options do not include arrest in quarters or restriction, the accused shall be notified that there is no right to trial by courts-martial in lieu of nonjudicial punishment.
    Section 37. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The officer who imposes the punishment, or the successor in command, may, at any time,

suspend, set aside, mitigate, or remit any part or amount of the punishment and restore all rights, privileges, and property affected. The officer also may:

            (1)    Mitigate reduction in grade to forfeiture of pay;
            (2)    Mitigate arrest in quarters to restriction; or
            (3)    Mitigate extra duties to restriction.
    No mitigated punishment may be for a greater period than the punishment mitigated. When mitigating reduction in grade to forfeiture of pay, the amount of the forfeiture may not be greater than the amount that could have been imposed initially under this section by the officer who imposed the punishment mitigated.
    Section 38. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    A person punished under this code who considers the punishment unjust or disproportionate to the offense may, through the proper channel, appeal to the next superior authority within fifteen days after the punishment is either announced or sent to the accused, as the commander may determine. The appeal shall be promptly forwarded and decided, but the person punished may in the meantime be required to undergo the punishment adjudged. The superior authority may exercise the same powers with respect to the punishment imposed as may be exercised pursuant to section 37 of this Act by the officer who imposed the punishment. Before acting on an appeal from a punishment, the authority that is to act on the appeal may refer the case to a judge advocate for consideration and advice.
    Section 39. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The imposition and enforcement of disciplinary punishment under this code for any act or omission is not a bar to trial by court-martial or a civilian court of competent jurisdiction for a

serious crime or offense growing out of the same act or omission and not properly punishable under this code; but the fact that a disciplinary punishment has been enforced may be shown by the accused upon trial and, when so shown, it shall be considered in determining the measure of punishment to be adjudged in the event of a finding of guilty.
    Section 40. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    Whenever a punishment of forfeiture of pay is imposed under this code, the forfeiture may apply to pay accruing before, on, or after the date that punishment is imposed.
    Section 41. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Rules promulgated by the secretary of the Department of the Military, pursuant to chapter 1-26, may prescribe the form of records to be kept of proceedings under this code and may prescribe that certain categories of those proceedings shall be in writing.
    Section 42. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The three kinds of courts-martial in the state military forces are:
            (1)    General courts-martial, consisting of:
            (a)    A military judge and not less than five members; or
            (b)    Only a military judge, if before the court is assembled the accused, knowing the identity of the military judge and after consultation with defense counsel, requests, orally on the record or in writing, a court composed only of a military judge and the military judge approves;
            (2)    Special courts-martial, consisting of:
            (a)    A military judge and not less than three members; or
            (b)    Only a military judge, if one has been detailed to the court, and the accused requests, orally on the record or in writing, a court composed only of a military judge and the military judge approves; and
            (3)    Summary courts-martial, consisting of one commissioned officer.
    Section 43. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Each component of the state military forces has court-martial jurisdiction over all members of the particular component who are subject to this code. Additionally, the Army and Air National Guard state military forces have court-martial jurisdiction over all members subject to this code.
    Section 44. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Subject to section 43 of this Act, general courts-martial have jurisdiction to try persons subject to this code for any offense made punishable by this code, and may, under such limitations as the Governor may prescribe, adjudge any punishment not forbidden by this code.
    Section 45. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Subject to section 43 of this Act, special courts-martial have jurisdiction to try persons subject to this code for any offense made punishable by this code, and may, under such limitations as the Governor may prescribe, adjudge any punishment not forbidden by this code except dishonorable discharge, dismissal, confinement for more than one year, forfeiture of pay exceeding two-thirds pay per month, or forfeiture of pay for more than one year.
    Section 46. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Subject to section 43 of this Act, summary courts-martial have jurisdiction to try persons subject to this code, except officers, cadets, candidates, and midshipmen, for any offense made punishable by this code under such limitations as the Governor may prescribe.
    Section 47. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    No person with respect to whom summary courts-martial have jurisdiction may be brought to trial before a summary court-martial if that person objects thereto. If objection to trial by summary court-martial is made by an accused, trial by special or general court-martial may be ordered, as may be appropriate. Summary courts-martial may, under such limitations as the Governor may prescribe, adjudge any punishment not forbidden by this code except dismissal, dishonorable or bad-conduct discharge, confinement for more than one month, restriction to specified limits for more than two months, or forfeiture of more than two-thirds of one month's pay.
    Section 48. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    A general court-martial may be convened by the Governor or the adjutant general.
    If any such commanding officer is an accuser, the court shall be convened by superior competent authority and may in any case be convened by such superior authority if considered desirable by such authority.
    Section 49. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    A special courts-martial may be convened by:
            (1)    Any person who may convene a general court-martial;
            (2)    The commanding officer of a garrison, fort, post, camp, station, Air National Guard

base, or naval base or station;

            (3)    The commanding officer of a brigade, regiment, group, detached battalion, or corresponding unit of the Army;
            (4)    The commanding officer of a wing, group, separate squadron, or corresponding unit of the Air Force; or
            (5)    The commanding officer or officer in charge of any other command when empowered by the adjutant general.
    If any such officer is an accuser, the court shall be convened by superior competent authority and may in any case be convened by such superior authority if considered desirable by such authority.
    Section 50. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    A summary court-martial may be convened by:
            (1)    Any person who may convene a general or special court-martial;
            (2)    The commanding officer of a detached company or other detachment, or corresponding unit of the Army;
            (3)    The commanding officer of a detached squadron or other detachment, or corresponding unit of the Air Force; or
            (4)    The commanding officer or officer in charge of any other command when empowered by the adjutant general.
    If only one commissioned officer is present with a command or detachment that officer shall be the summary court-martial of that command or detachment and shall hear and determine all summary court-martial cases. A summary court-martial may, however, be convened in any case by superior competent authority if considered desirable by such authority.
    Section 51. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any commissioned officer of the state military forces may serve on all courts-martial for the trial of any person subject to this code.
    Section 52. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any warrant officer of the state military forces may serve on general and special courts-martial for the trial of any person subject to this code, other than a commissioned officer.
    Section 53. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any enlisted member of the state military forces who is not a member of the same unit as the accused may serve on general and special courts-martial for the trial of any enlisted member subject to this code. However, that member shall serve as a member of a court only if, before the conclusion of a session called by the military judge pursuant to section 97 of this Act prior to trial or, in the absence of such a session, before the court is assembled for the trial of the accused, the accused personally has requested orally on the record or in writing that enlisted members serve on it. After such a request, the accused may not be tried by a general or special court-martial the membership of which does not include enlisted members in a number comprising at least one-third of the total membership of the court, unless eligible enlisted members cannot be obtained on account of physical conditions or military exigencies. If such members cannot be obtained, the court may be assembled and the trial held without them, but the convening authority shall make a detailed written statement, to be appended to the record, stating why the members could not be obtained. In this section, unit, means any regularly organized body of the state military forces not larger than a company, a squadron, a division of

the naval militia, or a body corresponding to one of them.
    Section 54. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    If it can be avoided, no person subject to this code may be tried by a court-martial where any member is junior to the accused in rank or grade.
    Section 55. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    If convening a court-martial, the convening authority shall detail as members thereof such members of the state military forces as, in the convening authority's opinion, are best qualified for the duty by reason of age, education, training, experience, length of service, and judicial temperament. No member of the state military forces is eligible to serve as a member of a general or special court-martial if that member is the accuser, a witness, or has acted as investigating officer or as counsel in the same case.
    Section 56. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Before a court-martial is assembled for the trial of a case, the convening authority may excuse a member of the court from participating in the case. The convening authority may delegate the authority under this section to a judge advocate or to any other principal assistant.
    Section 57. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    A military judge shall be detailed to each general and special court-martial. The military judge shall preside over each open session of the court-martial to which the military judge has been detailed.
    Section 58. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as

follows:

    A military judge shall be:
            (1)    An active or retired commissioned officer of an organized state or federal military force;
            (2)    A member in good standing of the bar of the highest court of a state or a member of the bar of a federal court for at least five years; and
            (3)    Certified as qualified for duty as a military judge by the senior force judge advocate which is the same force as the accused.
    Section 59. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    In the instance if a military judge is not a member of the bar of the highest court of the state, the military judge shall be deemed admitted pro hac vice, subject to filing a certificate with the senior force judge advocate which is the same force as the accused setting forth such qualifications provided in section 58 of this Act.
    Section 60. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The military judge of a general or special court-martial shall be designated by the senior force judge advocate which is the same force as the accused, or a designee, for detail by the convening authority. Neither the convening authority nor any staff member of the convening authority may prepare or review any report concerning the effectiveness, fitness, or efficiency of the military judge so detailed, which relates to performance of duty as a military judge.
    Section 61. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    No person may act as military judge in a case if that person is the accuser or a witness, or

has acted as investigating officer or a counsel in the same case.
    Section 62. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    The military judge of a court-martial may not consult with the members of the court except in the presence of the accused, trial counsel, and defense counsel nor vote with the members of the court.
    Section 63. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    For each general and special court-martial the authority convening the court shall detail trial counsel, defense counsel, and such assistants as are appropriate.
    Section 64. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    No person who has acted as investigating officer, military judge, witness or court member in any case may act later as trial counsel, assistant trial counsel, or, unless expressly requested by the accused, as defense counsel or assistant or associate defense counsel in the same case. No person who has acted for the prosecution may act later in the same case for the defense nor may any person who has acted for the defense act later in the same case for the prosecution.
    Section 65. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Except as provided in section 66 of this Act, trial counsel or defense counsel detailed for a general or special court-martial shall be:
            (1)    A judge advocate as defined in section 1 of this Act; and
            (2)    In the case of trial counsel, a member in good standing of the bar of the highest court of the state where the court-martial is held.
    Section 66. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    In the instance when a defense counsel is not a member of the bar of the highest court of the state, the defense counsel shall be deemed admitted pro hac vice, subject to filing a certificate with the military judge setting forth the qualifications that counsel is:
            (1)    A commissioned officer of the armed forces of the United States or a component thereof;
            (2)    A member in good standing of the bar of the highest court of a state;
            (3)    Certified as a judge advocate in the Judge Advocate General's Corps of the Army, Air Force, Navy, or the Marine Corps; or
            (4)    A judge advocate as defined in section 1 of this Act.
    Section 67. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Under such rules as may be promulgated by the secretary of the Department of the Military pursuant to chapter 1-26, the convening authority of a general or special court-martial or court of inquiry shall detail or employ qualified court reporters, who shall record the proceedings of and testimony taken before that court and may detail or employ interpreters who shall interpret for the court.
    Section 68. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    No member of a general or special court-martial may be absent or excused after the court has been assembled for the trial of the accused unless excused as a result of a challenge, excused by the military judge for physical disability or other good cause, or excused by order of the convening authority for good cause.
    Section 69. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    If a general court-martial, other than a general court-martial composed of a military judge only, is reduced below five members, the trial may not proceed unless the convening authority details new members sufficient in number to provide not less than the applicable minimum number of five members. The trial may proceed with the new members present after the recorded evidence previously introduced before the members of the court has been read to the court in the presence of the military judge, the accused, and counsel for both sides.
    Section 70. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    If a special court-martial, other than a special court-martial composed of a military judge only, is reduced below three members, the trial may not proceed unless the convening authority details new members sufficient in number to provide not less than three members. The trial shall proceed with the new members present as if no evidence had been introduced previously at the trial, unless a verbatim record of the evidence previously introduced before the members of the court or a stipulation thereof is read to the court in the presence of the military judge, the accused, and counsel for both sides.
    Section 71. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    If the military judge of a court-martial composed of a military judge only is unable to proceed with the trial because of physical disability, as a result of a challenge, or for other good cause, the trial shall proceed, subject to any applicable conditions of subsections (1)(b) or (2)(b) of section 42 of this Act, after the detail of a new military judge as if no evidence had previously been introduced, unless a verbatim record of the evidence previously introduced or a stipulation

thereof is read in court in the presence of the new military judge, the accused, and counsel for both sides.
    Section 72. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    A military court sitting in any county shall be attended by the county sheriff, or some suitable person designated by the sheriff, who shall be the marshal of the court and perform the usual duties of such marshals. The marshal shall execute any process lawfully issued by the court and perform all acts and duties by this chapter imposed on and authorized to be performed by any sheriff, marshal, or constable. The officer ordering the court shall furnish a copy of the order to the sheriff of the county where the court is directed to meet. The order constitutes notice to the sheriff to appear or designate someone as marshal of the court.
    Section 73. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Every marshal appointed to a military court shall be allowed the same fees and mileage allowed sheriffs for their duties in criminal cases as provided in § 7-12-18, the same to be paid on the certificate of the president of the court or presiding judge as to number of days employed and other duties performed. No marshal may receive any fees from the person served.
    Section 74. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Refusal or neglect by the sheriff or marshal to execute any warrant required in section 72 of this Act or to return and pay all the money collected as fines subjects the offending sheriff or marshal to double the amount of such fines and penalties. The conversion to personal use of moneys so collected by any sheriff or marshal is theft and shall be prosecuted as such in any court of the state having jurisdiction in such cases.
    Section 75. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    No action may be maintained against any member of a military court on account of the imposition of a fine or penalty, or for the execution of a sentence on any person, if the person has been returned as delinquent and duly summoned before the court, or has appeared before the court to answer the charge made against the person.
    Section 76. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Charges and specifications shall be signed by a person subject to this code under oath before a commissioned officer authorized by sections 279 or 280 of this Act, to administer oaths and shall state:
            (1)    That the signer has personal knowledge of, or has investigated, the matters set forth therein; and
            (2)    That they are true in fact to the best of the signer's knowledge and belief.
    Upon the preferring of charges, the proper authority shall take immediate steps to determine what disposition should be made thereof in the interest of justice and discipline, and the person accused shall be informed of the charges as soon as practicable.
    Section 77. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    No person subject to this code may compel any person to incriminate himself or herself or to answer any question the answer to which may tend to incriminate the person.
    Section 78. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    No person subject to this code may interrogate or request any statement from an accused or

a person suspected of an offense without first informing that person of the nature of the accusation and advising that person that the person does not have to make any statement regarding the offense of which the person is accused or suspected and that any statement made by the person may be used as evidence against the person in a trial by court-martial.
    Section 79. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    No person subject to this code may compel any person to make a statement or produce evidence before any military court if the statement or evidence is not material to the issue and may tend to degrade the person.
    Section 80. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    No statement obtained from any person in violation of sections 77 to 79, inclusive, of this Act, or through the use of coercion, unlawful influence, or unlawful inducement may be received in evidence against the person in a trial by court-martial.
    Section 81. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    No charge or specification may be referred to a general court-martial for trial until a thorough and impartial investigation of all the matters set forth therein has been made. This investigation shall include inquiry as to the truth of the matter set forth in the charges, consideration of the form of charges, and a recommendation as to the disposition which should be made of the case in the interest of justice and discipline.
    Section 82. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The accused shall be advised of the charges against the accused and of the right to be

represented at that investigation by counsel. The accused has the right to be represented at that investigation as provided in sections 94 to 96, inclusive, of this Act, and in any rule prescribed pursuant to that section. At that investigation, full opportunity shall be given to the accused to cross-examine any witness against the accused, if the witness is available, and to present anything the accused may desire in the accused's own behalf, either in defense or mitigation, and the investigating officer shall examine any available witness requested by the accused. If any charge is forwarded after the investigation, the charge shall be accompanied by a statement of the substance of the testimony taken on both sides and a copy thereof shall be given to the accused.
    Section 83. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    If an investigation of the subject matter of an offense has been conducted before the accused is charged with the offense, and if the accused was present at the investigation and afforded the opportunities for representation, cross-examination, and presentation prescribed in section 82 of this Act, no further investigation of that charge is necessary unless it is demanded by the accused after the accused is informed of the charge. A demand for further investigation entitles the accused to recall any witness for further cross-examination and to offer any new evidence in the accused's own behalf.
    Section 84. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    If evidence adduced in an investigation indicates that the accused committed an uncharged offense, the investigating officer may investigate the subject matter of that offense without the accused having first been charged with the offense if the accused is:
            (1)    Present at the investigation;
            (2)    Informed of the nature of each uncharged offense investigated; and
            (3)    Afforded the opportunities for representation, cross-examination, and presentation prescribed in section 82 of this Act.
    Section 85. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The requirements of sections 81 to 84, inclusive, of this Act, are binding on all persons administering this code but failure to follow them does not constitute jurisdictional error.
    Section 86. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    If a person is held for trial by general court-martial, the commanding officer shall within fifteen days after the accused is ordered into arrest or confinement, if practicable, forward the charges, together with the investigation and allied papers, to the person exercising general court-martial jurisdiction. If that is not practicable, the commanding officer shall report in writing to that person the reasons for delay.
    Section 87. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Before directing the trial of any charge by general court-martial, the convening authority shall refer it to a judge advocate for consideration and advice. The convening authority may not refer a specification under a charge to a general court-martial for trial unless the convening authority has been advised in writing by a judge advocate that:
            (1)    The specification alleges an offense under this code;
            (2)    The specification is warranted by the evidence indicated in the report of investigation pursuant to sections 81 to 85, inclusive, of this Act, if there is such a report; and
            (3)    A court-martial would have jurisdiction over the accused and the offense.
    Section 88. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The advice of the judge advocate pursuant to section 87 of this Act with respect to a specification under a charge shall include a written and signed statement by the judge advocate:
            (1)    Expressing conclusions with respect to each matter set forth in section 87 of this Act; and
            (2)    Recommending action that the convening authority take regarding the specification.
    If the specification is referred for trial, the recommendation of the judge advocate shall accompany the specification.
    Section 89. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    If the charges or specifications are not correct formally or do not conform to the substance of the evidence contained in the report of the investigating officer, formal correction, and such changes in the charges and specifications as are needed to make them conform to the evidence may be made.
    Section 90. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The trial counsel shall serve or caused to be served upon the accused a copy of the charges. No person may, against the person's objection, be brought to trial before a general court-martial case within a period of five days after the service of charges upon the accused, or in a special court-martial, within a period of three days after the service of charges upon the accused.
    Section 91. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Pretrial, trial, and post-trial procedures, including modes of proof, for courts-martial cases

arising under this code, and for courts of inquiry, may be prescribed by the Governor or the adjutant general by rules promulgated pursuant to chapter 1-26, or as otherwise provided by law, which shall apply the principles of law and the rules of evidence generally recognized in military criminal cases in the courts of the armed forces but which may not be contrary to or inconsistent with this code.
    Section 92. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    No authority convening a general, special, or summary court-martial, nor any other commanding officer, or officer serving on the staff thereof, may censure, reprimand, or admonish the court or any member, the military judge, or counsel thereof, with respect to the findings or sentence adjudged by the court or with respect to any other exercise of its or their functions in the conduct of the proceedings. No person subject to this code may attempt to coerce or, by any unauthorized means, influence the action of a court-martial or court of inquiry or any member thereof, in reaching the findings or sentence in any case, or the action of any convening, approving, or reviewing authority with respect to their judicial acts. The foregoing provisions of the section do not apply with respect to:
            (1)    General instructional or informational courses in military justice if such courses are designed solely for the purpose of instructing members of a command in the substantive and procedural aspects of courts-martial; or
            (2)    Statements and instructions given in open court by the military judge, summary court-martial officer, or counsel.
    Section 93. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    In the preparation of an effectiveness, fitness, or efficiency report, or any other report or

document used in whole or in part for the purpose of determining whether a member of the state military forces is qualified to be advanced in grade, or in determining the assignment or transfer of a member of the state military forces, or in determining whether a member of the state military forces should be retained on active status, no person subject to this code may, in preparing any such report:

            (1)    Consider or evaluate the performance of duty of any such member as a member of a court-martial or witness in a court-martial; or
            (2)    Give a less favorable rating or evaluation of any counsel of the accused because of zealous representation before a court-martial.
    Section 94. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The trial counsel of a general or special court-martial shall be a member in good standing of a state or federal bar and shall prosecute in the name of the State of South Dakota, and shall, under the direction of the court, prepare the record of the proceedings.
    Section 95. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Qualifications of the defense counsel or the accused right's are as follows:
            (1)    The accused has the right to be represented in defense before a general or special court-martial or at an investigation pursuant to sections 81 to 85, inclusive, of this Act, as provided in this section;
            (2)    The accused may be represented by civilian counsel at the provision and expense of the accused;
            (3)    The accused may be represented:
            (a)    By military counsel detailed by sections 63 to 66, inclusive, of this Act; or
            (b)    By military counsel of the accused's own selection if that counsel is reasonably available as determined pursuant to subdivision (7) of this section;
            (4)    If the accused is represented by civilian counsel, military counsel detailed or selected pursuant to subdivision (3) of this section shall act as associate counsel unless excused at the request of the accused;
            (5)    Except as provided pursuant to subdivision (6) of this section, if the accused is represented by military counsel of the accused's own selection pursuant to subsection (3)(b) of this section, any military counsel detailed pursuant to subsection (3)(a) of this section shall be excused;
            (6)    No accused may be represented by more than one military counsel. However, the person authorized pursuant to sections 63 to 66, inclusive, of this Act, to detail counsel, in that person's sole discretion:
            (a)    May detail additional military counsel as assistant defense counsel; and
            (b)    If the accused is represented by military counsel of the accused's own selection pursuant to subsection (3)(b) of this section, may approve a request from the accused that military counsel detailed pursuant to subsection (3)(a) of this section act as associate defense counsel; and
            (7)    The senior force judge advocate of the same force of which the accused is a member, shall determine whether the military counsel selected by an accused is reasonably available.
    Section 96. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    In any court-martial proceeding resulting in a conviction, the defense counsel may:
            (1)    Forward for attachment to the record of proceedings a brief of such matters as

counsel determines should be considered in behalf of the accused on review, including any objection to the contents of the record which counsel considers appropriate;

            (2)    Assist the accused in the submission of any matter under sections 162 to 173, inclusive, of this Act; and
            (3)    Take other action authorized by this code.
    Section 97. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    At any time after the service of charges that have been referred for trial to a court-martial composed of a military judge and members, the military judge may, subject to section 90 of this Act, call the court into session without the presence of the members for the purpose of:
            (1)    Hearing and determining motions raising defenses or objections that are capable of determination without trial of the issues raised by a plea of not guilty;
            (2)    Hearing and ruling upon any matter that may be ruled upon by the military judge under this code, whether or not the matter is appropriate for later consideration or decision by the members of the court;
            (3)    Holding the arraignment and receiving the pleas of the accused; and
            (4)    Performing any other procedural function that does not require the presence of the members of the court under this code.
    These proceedings shall be conducted in the presence of the accused, the defense counsel, and the trial counsel and shall be made a part of the record. These proceedings may be conducted notwithstanding the number of court members and without regard to section 72 of this Act.
    Section 98. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as

follows:

    When the members of a court-martial deliberate or vote, only the members may be present. All other proceedings, including any other consultation of the members of the court with counsel or the military judge, shall be made a part of the record and shall be in the presence of the accused, the defense counsel, the trial counsel, and the military judge.
    Section 99. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The military judge of a court-martial or a summary court-martial may, for reasonable cause, grant a continuance to any party for such time, and as often, as may appear to be just.
    Section 100. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The military judge and members of a general or special court-martial may be challenged by the accused or the trial counsel for cause stated to the court. The military judge or the court shall determine the relevancy and validity of challenges for cause and may not receive a challenge to more than one person at a time. Any challenge by the trial counsel shall ordinarily be presented and decided before any challenge by the accused is offered.
    Section 101. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    If exercise of a challenge for cause reduces the court below the minimum number of members required by section 42 of this Act, all parties shall, notwithstanding the provisions of sections 68 to 71, inclusive, of this Act, either exercise or waive any challenge for cause then apparent against the remaining members of the court before additional members are detailed to the court. However, no peremptory challenges may be exercised at that time.
    Section 102. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read

as follows:

    Each accused and the trial counsel are entitled initially to three peremptory challenges of members of the court; and such additional peremptory challenges as the military judge may grant for good cause. No military judge may be challenged except for cause.
    Section 103. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    If exercise of a peremptory challenge reduces the court below the minimum number of members required by section 42 of this Act, the parties shall, notwithstanding the provisions of sections 68 to 71, inclusive, of this Act, either exercise or waive any remaining peremptory challenge, not previously waived, against the remaining members of the court before additional members are detailed to the court.
    Section 104. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    If any additional members are detailed to the court, and after any challenge for cause against such additional members are presented and decided, each accused and the trial counsel are entitled to three peremptory challenges of members of the court; and such additional peremptory challenges as the military judge may grant for good cause against members not previously subject to peremptory challenge.
    Section 105. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Before performing their respective duties, military judges, general and special courts-martial members, trial counsel, defense counsel, reporters, and interpreters shall take an oath or affirmation in the presence of the accused to perform their duties faithfully. The form of the oath or affirmation, the time and place of the taking of the oath or affirmation, the manner of

recording the oath or affirmation, and whether the oath or affirmation shall be taken for all cases in which these duties are to be performed or for a particular case, shall be as prescribed in rule or as provided by law. If such an oath or affirmation is taken, it need not again be taken at the time the judge advocate or other person is detailed to that duty.
    Section 106. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    Each witness before a court-martial shall be examined under oath or affirmation.
    Section 107. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Except as otherwise provided in sections 108 to 112, inclusive, of this Act, a person charged with any offense is not liable to be tried by court-martial or punished pursuant to sections 31 to 41, inclusive, of this Act if the offense was committed more than three years before the receipt of sworn charges and specifications by an officer exercising court-martial jurisdiction over the command or before the imposition of punishment pursuant to sections 31 to 41, inclusive, of this Act.
    Section 108. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Periods in which the accused is absent without authority or fleeing from justice shall be excluded in computing the period of limitation prescribed in section 107 of this Act.
    Section 109. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Periods in which the accused was absent from territory in which the state has the authority to apprehend the accused, or in the custody of civil authorities, or in the hands of the enemy, shall be excluded in computing the period of limitation prescribed in section 107 of this Act.
    Section 110. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    If the United States is at war, the running of any statute of limitations applicable to any offense under this code:
            (1)    Involving fraud or attempted fraud against the United States, any state, or any agency of either in any manner, whether by conspiracy or not;
            (2)    Committed in connection with the acquisition, care, handling, custody, control, or disposition of any real or personal property of the United States or any state; or
            (3)    Committed in connection with the negotiation, procurement, award, performance, payment, interim financing, cancellation, or other termination or settlement, of any contract, subcontract, or purchase order which is connected with or related to the prosecution of the war, or with any disposition of termination inventory by any war contractor or government agency;
is suspended until two years after the termination of hostilities as proclaimed by the President or by a joint resolution of Congress.
    Section 111. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    If charges or specifications are dismissed as defective or insufficient for any cause and the period prescribed by the applicable statute of limitations:
            (1)    Has expired; or
            (2)    Will expire within one hundred eighty days after the date of dismissal of the charges and specifications, trial and punishment under new charges and specifications are not barred by the statute of limitations if the conditions specified in section 112 of this Act are met.
    Section 112. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The conditions referred to in section 111 of this Act are that the new charges and specifications shall:
            (1)    Be received by an officer exercising summary court-martial jurisdiction over the command within one hundred eighty days after the dismissal of the charges or specifications; and
            (2)    Allege the same acts or omissions that were alleged in the dismissed charges or specifications (or allege acts or omissions that were included in the dismissed charges or specifications).
    Section 113. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    No person may, without the person's consent, be tried a second time for the same offense.
    Section 114. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    No proceeding in which an accused has been found guilty by a court-martial upon any charge or specification is a trial in the sense of section 113 of this Act until the finding of guilty has become final after review of the case has been fully completed.
    Section 115. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    A proceeding which, after the introduction of evidence but before a finding, is dismissed or terminated by the convening authority or on motion of the prosecution for failure of available evidence or witnesses without any fault of the accused is a trial in the sense of section 113 of this Act.
    Section 116. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    If an accused after arraignment makes an irregular pleading, or after a plea of guilty sets up matter inconsistent with the plea, or if it appears that the accused has entered the plea of guilty improvidently or through lack of understanding of the plea's meaning and effect, or if the accused fails or refuses to plead, a plea of not guilty shall be entered in the record, and the court shall proceed as though the accused had pleaded not guilty.
    Section 117. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    With respect to any charge or specification to which a plea of guilty has been made by the accused and accepted by the military judge or by a court-martial without a military judge, a finding of guilty of the charge or specification may be entered immediately without vote. This finding shall constitute the finding of the court unless the plea of guilty is withdrawn prior to announcement of the sentence, in which event, the proceedings shall continue as though the accused had pleaded not guilty.
    Section 118. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The trial counsel, the defense counsel, and the court-martial shall have equal opportunity to obtain witnesses and other evidence as prescribed by rule and provided by law. Process issued in court-martial cases to compel witnesses to appear and testify and to compel the production of other evidence shall apply the principles of law and the rules of courts-martial generally recognized in military criminal cases in the courts of the armed forces of the United States, but which may not be contrary to or inconsistent with this code. Process shall run to any part of the United States, or the territories, commonwealths, and possessions, and may be executed by civil

officers as prescribed by the laws of the place where the witness or evidence is located or of the United States.
    Section 119. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    Any person not subject to this code who:
            (1)    Has been duly subpoenaed to appear as a witness or to produce books and records before a court-martial or court of inquiry, or before any military or civil officer designated to take a deposition to be read in evidence before such a court; and
            (2)    Willfully neglects or refuses to appear, or refuses to qualify as a witness or to testify or to produce any evidence which that person may have been legally subpoenaed to produce;
may be punished by the military court in the same manner as a criminal court of the state.
    Section 120. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The fees and mileage of witnesses shall be paid out of the appropriations for the compensation of witnesses.
    Section 121. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    A military judge or summary court-martial officer may punish for contempt any person who uses any menacing word, sign, or gesture in its presence, or who disturbs its proceedings by any riot or disorder.
    A person subject to this code may be punished for contempt by confinement not to exceed thirty days or a fine of one hundred dollars, or both.
    A person not subject to this code may be punished for contempt by a military court in the

same manner as a criminal court of the state.
    Section 122. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    At any time after charges have been signed as provided in section 76 of this Act, any party may take oral or written depositions unless the military judge or summary court-martial officer hearing the case or, if the case is not being heard, an authority competent to convene a court-martial for the trial of those charges forbids it for good cause.
    Section 123. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The party at whose instance a deposition is to be taken shall give to every other party reasonable written notice of the time and place for taking the deposition.
    Section 124. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    A deposition may be taken before and authenticated by any military or civil officer authorized by the laws of the state or by the laws of the place where the deposition is taken to administer oaths.
    Section 125. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    A duly authenticated deposition taken upon reasonable notice to the other parties, so far as otherwise admissible under the rules of evidence, may be read in evidence or, in the case of audiotape, videotape, digital image or file, or similar material, may be played in evidence before any military court, if it appears:
            (1)    That the witness resides or is beyond the state in which the court is ordered to sit, or beyond one hundred miles from the place of trial or hearing;
            (2)    That the witness by reason of death, age, sickness, bodily infirmity, imprisonment, military necessity, non amenability to process, or other reasonable cause, is unable or refuses to appear and testify in person at the place of trial or hearing; or
            (3)    That the present whereabouts of the witness is unknown.
    Section 126. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    In any case not extending to the dismissal of a commissioned officer, the sworn testimony, contained in the duly authenticated record of proceedings of a court of inquiry, of a person whose oral testimony cannot be obtained, may, if otherwise admissible under the rules of evidence, be read in evidence by any party before a court-martial if the accused was a party before the court of inquiry and if the same issue was involved or if the accused consents to the introduction of such evidence.
    Such testimony may be read in evidence only by the defense in cases extending to the dismissal of a commissioned officer.
    Such testimony may also be read in evidence before a court of inquiry.
    Section 127. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    It is an affirmative defense in a trial by court-martial that, at the time of the commission of the acts constituting the offense, the accused, as a result of a severe mental disease or defect, was unable to appreciate the nature and quality or the wrongfulness of the acts. Mental disease or defect does not otherwise constitute a defense.
    Section 128. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The accused has the burden of proving the defense of lack of mental responsibility by clear

and convincing evidence.
    Section 129. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    If the lack of mental responsibility of the accused with respect to an offense is properly at issue, the military judge shall instruct the members of the court as to the defense of lack of mental responsibility under this section and charge them to find the accused:
            (1)    Guilty;
            (2)    Not guilty; or
            (3)    Not guilty only by reason of lack of mental responsibility.
    Section 130. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Section 129 of this Act does not apply to a court-martial composed of a military judge only. In the case of a court-martial composed of a military judge only or a summary court-martial officer, if the lack of mental responsibility of the accused with respect to an offense is properly at issue, the military judge or summary court-martial officer shall find the accused:
            (1)    Guilty;
            (2)    Not guilty; or
            (3)    Not guilty only by reason of lack of mental responsibility.
    Section 131. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Notwithstanding the provisions of section 136 of this Act, the accused shall be found not guilty only by reason of lack of mental responsibility if:
            (1)    A majority of the members of the court-martial present at the time the vote is taken determines that the defense of lack of mental responsibility has been established; or
            (2)    In the case of a court-martial composed of a military judge only or a summary court-martial officer, the military judge or summary court-martial officer determines that the defense of lack of mental responsibility has been established.
    Section 132. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Voting by members of a general or special court-martial on the findings and on the sentence shall be by secret written ballot. The junior member of the court shall count the votes. The count shall be checked by the president, who shall forthwith announce the result of the ballot to the members of the court.
    Section 133. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The military judge shall rule upon all questions of law and all interlocutory questions arising during the proceedings. Any such ruling made by the military judge upon any question of law or any interlocutory question other than the factual issue of mental responsibility of the accused is final and constitutes the ruling of the court. However, the military judge may change the ruling at any time during the trial. Unless the ruling is final, if any member objects to the ruling, the court shall be cleared and closed and the question decided by a voice vote as provided in section 136 of this Act, beginning with the junior in rank.
    Section 134. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Before a vote is taken on the findings, the military judge shall, in the presence of the accused and counsel, instruct the members of the court as to the elements of the offense and charge them that:
            (1)    The accused shall be presumed to be innocent until the accused's guilt is established

by legal and competent evidence beyond reasonable doubt;

            (2)    In the case being considered, if there is a reasonable doubt as to the guilt of the accused, the doubt shall be resolved in favor of the accused and the accused shall be acquitted;
            (3)    If there is a reasonable doubt as to the degree of guilt, the finding shall be in a lower degree as to which there is no reasonable doubt; and
            (4)    The burden of proof to establish the guilt of the accused beyond reasonable doubt is upon the state.
    Section 135. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Sections 132 to 134, inclusive, of this Act, do not apply to a court-martial composed of a military judge only. The military judge of such a court-martial shall determine all questions of law and fact arising during the proceedings and, if the accused is convicted, adjudge an appropriate sentence. The military judge of such a court-martial shall make a general finding and shall in addition, on request, find the facts specially. If an opinion or memorandum of decision is filed, it shall be sufficient if the findings of fact appear in the opinion or memorandum.
    Section 136. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    No person may be convicted of an offense except as provided in section 117 of this Act or by the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present at the time the vote is taken.
    All other questions to be decided by the members of a general or special court-martial shall be determined by a majority vote, but a determination to reconsider a finding of guilty or to reconsider a sentence, with a view toward decreasing it, may be made by any lesser vote which

indicates that the reconsideration is not opposed by the number of votes required for that finding or sentence. A tie vote on a challenge disqualifies the member challenged. A tie vote on a motion relating to the question of the accused's sanity is a determination against the accused. A tie vote on any other question is a determination in favor of the accused.
    Section 137. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    A court-martial shall announce its findings and sentence to the parties as soon as determined.
    Section 138. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Each general and special court-martial shall keep a separate record of the proceedings in each case brought before it, and the record shall be authenticated by the signature of the military judge. If the record cannot be authenticated by the military judge by reason of the judge's death, disability, or absence, it shall be authenticated by the signature of the trial counsel or by that of a member, if the trial counsel is unable to authenticate it by reason of the counsel's death, disability, or absence. In a court-martial consisting of only a military judge, the record shall be authenticated by the court reporter under the same conditions which would impose such a duty on a member under this section.
    Section 139. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    A complete verbatim record of the proceedings and testimony shall be prepared in each general and special court-martial case resulting in a conviction.
    In all other court-martial cases, the record shall contain such matters as may be prescribed by rules promulgated pursuant to chapter 1-26 by the secretary of the Department of the

Military.
    Section 140. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    Each summary court-martial shall keep a separate record of the proceedings in each case. The record shall be authenticated in the manner as may be prescribed by rules promulgated pursuant to chapter 1-26 by the secretary of the Department of the Military.
    Section 141. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    A copy of the record of the proceedings of each general and special court-martial shall be given to the accused as soon as it is authenticated.
    Section 142. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Punishment by flogging, or by branding, marking, or tattooing on the body, or any other cruel or unusual punishment may not be adjudged by a court-martial or inflicted upon any person subject to this code. The use of irons, single or double, except for the purpose of safe custody, is prohibited.
    Section 143. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The punishment which a court-martial may direct for an offense may not exceed such limits as prescribed by this code, but in no instance may a sentence exceed more than ten years for a military offense, nor may a sentence of death be adjudged. A conviction by general court-martial of any military offense for which an accused may receive a sentence of confinement for more than one year is a felony offense. Except for convictions by a summary court-martial, all other military offenses are misdemeanors. Any conviction by a summary court-martial is not a

criminal conviction.
    Section 144. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    The limits of punishment for violations of the punitive provision prescribed by this code shall be lesser of the sentences prescribed by the manual for courts-martial of the United States in effect on January 1, 2012, and the state manual for courts-martial. However, in no instance may any punishment exceed that authorized by this code.
    Section 145. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    If a sentence of a court-martial as lawfully adjudged and approved includes a forfeiture of pay or allowances in addition to confinement not suspended, the forfeiture may apply to pay or allowances becoming due on or after the date the sentence is approved by the convening authority. No forfeiture may extend to any pay or allowances accrued before that date.
    Section 146. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any period of confinement included in a sentence of a court-martial begins to run from the date the sentence is adjudged by the court-martial, but periods during which the sentence to confinement is suspended or deferred shall be excluded in computing the service of the term of confinement. All other sentences of courts-martial are effective on the date ordered executed.
    Section 147. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    On application by an accused who is under sentence to confinement that has not been ordered executed, the convening authority or, if the accused is no longer under that person's jurisdiction, the person exercising general court-martial jurisdiction over the command to which

the accused is currently assigned, may in that person's sole discretion defer service of the sentence to confinement. The deferment shall terminate when the sentence is ordered executed. The deferment may be rescinded at any time by the person who granted it or, if the accused is no longer under that person's jurisdiction, by the person exercising general court-martial jurisdiction over the command to which the accused is currently assigned.
    Section 148. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    In any case in which a court-martial sentences an accused referred to in section 149 of this Act to confinement, the convening authority may defer the service of the sentence to confinement, without the consent of the accused, until after the accused has been permanently released to the state military forces by a state, the United States, or a foreign country referred to in that section.
    Section 149. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Section 148 of this Act applies to a person subject to this code who:
            (1)    While in the custody of a state, the United States, or a foreign country is temporarily returned by that state, the United States, or a foreign country to the state military forces for trial by court-martial; and
            (2)    After the court-martial, is returned to that state, the United States, or a foreign country under the authority of a mutual agreement or treaty, as the case may be.
    For the purposes of this section and section 148 of this Act, the term, state, includes the District of Columbia and any commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United States.
    Section 150. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    In any case in which a court-martial sentences an accused to confinement and the sentence to confinement has been ordered executed, but in which review of the case pursuant to section 190 of this Act is pending, the adjutant general may defer further service of the sentence to confinement while that review is pending.
    Section 151. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    A sentence of confinement adjudged by a court-martial, whether or not the sentence includes discharge or dismissal, and whether or not the discharge or dismissal has been executed, may be carried into execution by confinement in any place authorized by this code. Any person so confined is subject to the same discipline and treatment as any person regularly confined or committed to that place of confinement.
    Section 152. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The omission of hard labor as a sentence authorized under this code does not deprive the state confinement facility from employing it, if it otherwise is within the authority of that facility to do so.
    Section 153. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    No place of confinement may require payment of any fee or charge for so receiving or confining a person except as otherwise provided by law. If no military confinement facility is available and a civilian facility charges fees as provided by law, the person confined shall be responsible for such costs.
    Section 154. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    A court-martial sentence of an enlisted member in a pay grade above E-1, as approved by the convening authority, that includes:
            (1)    A dishonorable or bad-conduct discharge; or
            (2)    Confinement;
reduces that member to pay grade E-1, effective on the date of that approval.
    Section 155. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    If the sentence of a member who is reduced in pay grade pursuant to subdivision (1) of section 154 of this Act is set aside or disapproved, or, as finally approved, does not include any punishment pursuant to subdivisions (1) or (2) of section 154 of this Act, the rights and privileges of which the person was deprived because of that reduction shall be restored, including pay and allowances.
    Section 156. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    A court-martial sentence described in section 157 of this Act shall result in the forfeiture of pay, or of pay and allowances, due that member during any period of confinement or parole. The forfeiture pursuant to this section shall take effect on the date determined pursuant to section 145 of this Act and may be deferred as provided by that section. The pay and allowances forfeited, in the case of a general court-martial, shall be all pay and allowances due that member during such period and, in the case of a special court-martial, shall be two-thirds of all pay due that member during such period.
    Section 157. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    A sentence covered by section 156 of this Act is any sentence that includes:
            (1)    Confinement for more than six months; or
            (2)    Confinement for six months or less and a dishonorable or bad-conduct discharge or dismissal.
    Section 158. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    In a case involving an accused who has dependents, the convening authority or other person acting under this code may waive any or all of the forfeitures of pay and allowances required by section 156 of this Act for a period not to exceed six months. Any amount of pay or allowances that would be forfeited, except for a waiver under this section, shall be paid, as the convening authority or other person taking action directs, to the dependents of the accused.
    Section 159. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    If the sentence of a member who forfeits pay and allowances pursuant to section 156 of this Act is set aside or disapproved or, as finally approved, does not provide for a punishment referred to in section 157 of this Act, the member shall be paid the pay and allowances which the member would have been paid, except for the forfeiture, for the period during which the forfeiture was in effect.
    Section 160. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    A finding or sentence of a court-martial may not be held incorrect on the ground of an error of law unless the error materially prejudices the substantial rights of the accused.
    Section 161. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any reviewing authority with the power to approve or affirm a finding of guilty may approve

or affirm, instead, so much of the finding as includes a lesser included offense.
    Section 162. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    The findings and sentence of a court-martial shall be reported promptly to the convening authority after the announcement of the sentence.
    Section 163. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The accused may submit to the convening authority matters for consideration by the convening authority with respect to the findings and the sentence. Any such submission shall be in writing. Except in a summary court-martial case, such a submission shall be made within ten days after the accused has been given an authenticated record of trial and, if applicable, the recommendation of a judge advocate pursuant to section 170 of this Act. In a summary court-martial case, such a submission shall be made within seven days after the sentence is announced.
    Section 164. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    If the accused shows that additional time is required for the accused to submit such matters, the convening authority or other person taking action pursuant to this code, for good cause, may extend the applicable period pursuant to section 163 of this Act for not more than an additional twenty days.
    Section 165. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    In a summary court-martial case, the accused shall be promptly provided a copy of the record of trial for use in preparing a submission authorized by section 163 of this Act.
    Section 166. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The accused may waive the right to make a submission to the convening authority as authorized by section 163 of this Act. Such a waiver shall be made in writing and may not be revoked. For the purposes of section 168 of this Act, the time within which the accused may make a submission under section 163 of this Act shall be deemed to have expired upon the submission of such a waiver to the convening authority.
    Section 167. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The authority pursuant to section 169 of this Act to modify the findings and sentence of a court-martial is a matter of command prerogative involving the sole discretion of the convening authority. If it is impractical for the convening authority to act, the convening authority shall forward the case to a person exercising general court-martial jurisdiction who may take action pursuant to section 168 of this Act.
    Section 168. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Action on the sentence of a court-martial shall be taken by the convening authority or by another person authorized to act pursuant to this code. Such action may be taken only after consideration of any matters submitted by the accused pursuant to section 163 of this Act or after the time for submitting such matters expires, whichever is earlier. The convening authority or other person taking such action, in that person's sole discretion may approve, disapprove, commute, or suspend the sentence in whole or in part.
    Section 169. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Action on the findings of a court-martial by the convening authority or other person acting on the sentence is not required. However, such person, in the person's sole discretion may:
            (1)    Dismiss any charge or specification by setting aside a finding of guilty thereto; or
            (2)    Change a finding of guilty to a charge or specification to a finding of guilty to an offense that is a lesser included offense of the offense stated in the charge or specification.
    Section 170. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Before acting pursuant to section 169 of this Act on any general or special court-martial case in which there is a finding of guilt, the convening authority or other person taking action shall obtain and consider the written recommendation of a judge advocate. The convening authority or other person taking action shall refer the record of trial to the judge advocate, and the judge advocate shall use such record in the preparation of the recommendation. The recommendation of the judge advocate shall include such matters as may be prescribed by rules promulgated pursuant to chapter 1-26 by the secretary of the Department of the Military and shall be served on the accused, who may submit any matter in response pursuant to section 163 of this Act. Failure to object in the response to the recommendation or to any matter attached to the recommendation waives the right to object thereto.
    Section 171. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The convening authority or other person taking action pursuant to this code, in the person's sole discretion, may order a proceeding in revision or a rehearing.
    Section 172. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    A proceeding in revision may be ordered if there is an apparent error or omission in the record or if the record shows improper or inconsistent action by a court-martial with respect to the findings or sentence that can be rectified without material prejudice to the substantial rights of the accused. In no case, however, may a proceeding in revision:
            (1)    Reconsider a finding of not guilty of any specification or a ruling which amounts to a finding of not guilty;
            (2)    Reconsider a finding of not guilty of any charge, unless there has been a finding of guilty under a specification laid under that charge, which sufficiently alleges a violation of some section of this code; or
            (3)    Increase the severity of the sentence unless the sentence prescribed for the offense is mandatory.
    Section 173. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    A rehearing may be ordered by the convening authority or other person taking action pursuant to this code if that person disapproves the findings and sentence and states the reasons for disapproval of the findings. If such person disapproves the findings and sentence and does not order a rehearing, that person shall dismiss the charges. A rehearing as to the findings may not be ordered where there is a lack of sufficient evidence in the record to support the findings. A rehearing as to the sentence may be ordered if the convening authority or other person taking action under this section disapproves the sentence.
    Section 174. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    In each case subject to appellate review under this code, the accused may file with the convening authority a statement expressly withdrawing the right of the accused to such appeal.

Such a withdrawal shall be signed by both the accused and the accused's defense counsel and shall be filed in accordance with appellate procedures as provided by law.
    Section 175. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    The accused may withdraw an appeal at any time in accordance with appellate procedures as provided by law.
    Section 176. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    In a trial by court-martial in which a punitive discharge may be adjudged, the state may appeal the following, other than a finding of not guilty with respect to the charge or specification by the members of the court-martial, or by a judge in a bench trial so long as it is not made in reconsideration:
            (1)    An order or ruling of the military judge which terminates the proceedings with respect to a charge or specification;
            (2)    An order or ruling which excludes evidence that is substantial proof of a fact material in the proceeding;
            (3)    An order or ruling which directs the disclosure of classified information;
            (4)    An order or ruling which imposes sanctions for nondisclosure of classified information;
            (5)    A refusal of the military judge to issue a protective order sought by the state to prevent the disclosure of classified information; or
            (6)    A refusal by the military judge to enforce an order described in subdivision (5) that has previously been issued by appropriate authority.
    Section 177. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read

as follows:

    An appeal of an order or ruling may not be taken unless the trial counsel provides the military judge with written notice of appeal from the order or ruling within seventy-two hours of the order or ruling. Such notice shall include a certification by the trial counsel that the appeal is not taken for the purpose of delay and, if the order or ruling appealed is one which excludes evidence, that the evidence excluded is substantial proof of a fact material in the proceeding.
    Section 178. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    An appeal pursuant to sections 176 and 177 of this Act shall be diligently prosecuted as provided by law.
    Section 179. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    An appeal pursuant to section 176 and 177 of this Act shall be forwarded to the court prescribed in section 190 of this Act. In ruling on an appeal pursuant to section 176 and 177 of this Act, that court may act only with respect to matters of law.
    Section 180. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any period of delay resulting from an appeal pursuant to section 176 and 177 of this Act shall be excluded in deciding any issue regarding denial of a speedy trial unless an appropriate authority determines that the appeal was filed solely for the purpose of delay with the knowledge that it was totally frivolous and without merit.
    Section 181. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Each rehearing under this code shall take place before a court-martial composed of members

not members of the court-martial that first heard the case. Upon a rehearing the accused may not be tried for any offense of which the accused was found not guilty by the first court-martial, and no sentence in excess of or more severe than the original sentence may be approved, unless the sentence is based upon a finding of guilty of an offense not considered upon the merits in the original proceedings, or unless the sentence prescribed for the offense is mandatory. If the sentence approved after the first court-martial was in accordance with a pretrial agreement and the accused at the rehearing changes a plea with respect to the charges or specifications upon which the pretrial agreement was based, or otherwise does not comply with the pretrial agreement, the approved sentence as to those charges or specifications may include any punishment not in excess of that lawfully adjudged at the first court-martial.
    Section 182. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    Each general and special court-martial case in which there has been a finding of guilty shall be reviewed by the state's senior force judge advocate. The state's senior force judge advocate may not review a case under this section if that person has acted in the same case as an accuser, investigating officer, member of the court, military judge, or counsel or has otherwise acted on behalf of the prosecution or defense. The state's senior force judge advocate's review shall be in writing and shall contain the following:
            (1)    Conclusions as to whether:
            (a)    The court had jurisdiction over the accused and the offense;
            (b)    The charge and specification stated an offense; and
            (c)    The sentence was within the limits prescribed as a matter of law;
            (2)    A response to each allegation of error made in writing by the accused; and
            (3)    If the case is sent for action pursuant to section 183 of this Act, a recommendation

as to the appropriate action to be taken and an opinion as to whether corrective action is required as a matter of law.
    Section 183. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    The record of trial and related documents in each case reviewed pursuant to section 182 of this Act shall be sent for action to the adjutant general, if:
            (1)    The judge advocate who reviewed the case recommends corrective action;
            (2)    The sentence approved pursuant to section 168 of this Act extends to dismissal, a bad-conduct or dishonorable discharge, or confinement for more than six months; or
            (3)    Such action is otherwise required by rules promulgated by the secretary of the Department of the Military pursuant to chapter 1-26.
    Section 184. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The adjutant general may:
            (1)    Disapprove or approve the findings or sentence, in whole or in part;
            (2)    Remit, commute, or suspend the sentence in whole or in part;
            (3)    Except where the evidence was insufficient at the trial to support the findings, order a rehearing on the findings, on the sentence, or on both; or
            (4)    Dismiss the charges.
    Section 185. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    If a rehearing is ordered but the convening authority finds a rehearing impracticable, the convening authority shall dismiss the charges.
    Section 186. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read

as follows:

    If the opinion of the state's senior force judge advocate, in the state's senior force judge advocate's review pursuant to section 182 of this Act is that corrective action is required as a matter of law and if the adjutant general does not take action that is at least as favorable to the accused as that recommended by the judge advocate, the record of trial and action thereon shall be sent to the Governor for review and action as deemed appropriate.
    Section 187. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The state's senior force judge advocate may review any case in which there has been a finding of not guilty of all charges and specifications. The state's senior force judge advocate may not review a case under this section if that person has acted in the same case as an accuser, investigating officer, member of the court, military judge, or counsel or has otherwise acted on behalf of the prosecution or defense. The state's senior force judge advocate's review shall be limited to questions of subject matter jurisdiction.
    Section 188. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The record of trial and related documents in each case reviewed pursuant to section 187 of this Act shall be sent for action to the adjutant general. The adjutant general may:
            (1)    If subject matter jurisdiction is found to be lacking, void the court-martial ab initio, with or without prejudice to the government, as the adjutant general deems appropriate; or
            (2)    Return the record of trial and related documents to the senior force judge advocate for appeal by the government as provided by law.
    Section 189. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read

as follows:

    Except as otherwise required by this code, all records of trial and related documents shall be transmitted and disposed of as prescribed by rule and provided by law.
    Section 190. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any decision of a court-martial may be appealed to the South Dakota Supreme Court. The appellate procedures to be followed shall be those provided by law for the appeal of criminal cases.
    Section 191. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The senior force judge advocate shall detail a judge advocate as appellate government counsel to represent the state in the review or appeal of cases pursuant to section 190 of this Act and before any federal court when requested to do so by the state attorney general. Appellate government counsel shall be a member in good standing of the bar of the highest court of the state to which the appeal is taken.
    Section 192. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Upon an appeal by the state, an accused has the right to be represented by detailed military counsel before any reviewing authority and before any appellate court.
    Section 193. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Upon the appeal by an accused, the accused has the right to be represented by military counsel before any reviewing authority.
    Section 194. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read

as follows:

    Upon the request of an accused entitled to be so represented, the senior force judge advocate shall appoint a judge advocate to represent the accused in the review or appeal of cases specified in sections 192 and 193 of this Act.
    Section 195. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    An accused may be represented by civilian appellate counsel at no expense to the state.
    Section 196. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    If the sentence of the court-martial extends to dismissal or a dishonorable or bad-conduct discharge and if the right of the accused to appellate review is not waived, and an appeal is not withdrawn pursuant to section 174 or 175 of this Act, that part of the sentence extending to dismissal or a dishonorable or bad-conduct discharge may not be executed until there is a final judgment as to the legality of the proceedings. A judgment as to the legality of the proceedings is final in such cases if review is completed by an appellate court prescribed in section 190 of this Act, and is deemed final by the law of state where the judgment was had.
    Section 197. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    If the sentence of the court-martial extends to dismissal or a dishonorable or bad conduct discharge and if the right of the accused to appellate review is waived, or an appeal is withdrawn pursuant to section 174 or 175 of this Act, that part of the sentence extending to dismissal or a dishonorable or bad-conduct discharge may not be executed until review of the case by the senior force judge advocate and any action on that review pursuant to section 182 of this Act is completed. Any other part of a court-martial sentence may be ordered executed by the

convening authority or other person acting on the case pursuant to section 168 of this Act when so approved under that section.
    Section 198. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    Before the vacation of the suspension of a special court-martial sentence, which as approved includes a bad-conduct discharge, or of any general court-martial sentence, the officer having special court-martial jurisdiction over the probationer shall hold a hearing on an alleged violation of probation. The probationer shall be represented at the hearing by military counsel if the probationer so desires.
    Section 199. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The record of the hearing and the recommendation of the officer having special court-martial jurisdiction shall be sent for action to the officer exercising general court-martial jurisdiction over the probationer. If the officer vacates the suspension, any unexecuted part of the sentence, except a dismissal, shall be executed, subject to applicable restrictions in this code.
    Section 200. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The suspension of any other sentence may be vacated by any authority competent to convene, for the command in which the accused is serving or assigned, a court of the kind that imposed the sentence.
    Section 201. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    At any time within two years after approval by the convening authority of a court-martial sentence the accused may petition the adjutant general for a new trial on the grounds of newly

discovered evidence or fraud on the court-martial.
    Section 202. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    Any authority competent to convene, for the command in which the accused is serving or assigned, a court of the kind that imposed the sentence may remit or suspend any part or amount of the unexecuted part of any sentence, including all uncollected forfeitures other than a sentence approved by the Governor. The Governor may, for good cause, substitute an administrative form of discharge for a discharge or dismissal executed in accordance with the sentence of a court-martial.
    Section 203. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Pursuant to rules as may be promulgated by the secretary of the Department of the Military pursuant to chapter 1-26, all rights, privileges, and property affected by an executed part of a court-martial sentence which has been set aside or disapproved, except an executed dismissal or discharge, shall be restored unless a new trial or rehearing is ordered and such executed part is included in a sentence imposed upon the new trial or rehearing.
    Section 204. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    If a previously executed sentence of dishonorable or bad-conduct discharge is not imposed on a new trial, the Governor may substitute a form of discharge authorized for administrative issuance unless the accused is to serve out the remainder of the accused's enlistment.
    Section 205. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    If a previously executed sentence of dismissal is not imposed on a new trial, the Governor

may substitute a form of discharge authorized for administrative issue, and the commissioned officer dismissed by that sentence may be reappointed by the Governor alone to such commissioned grade and with such rank as in the opinion of the Governor that former officer would have attained had the officer not been dismissed. The reappointment of such a former officer shall be without regard to the existence of a vacancy and shall affect the promotion status of other officers only insofar as the Governor may direct. All time between the dismissal and the reappointment shall be considered as actual service for all purposes, including the right to pay and allowances.
    Section 206. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    The appellate review of records of trial provided by this code, the proceedings, findings, and sentences of courts-martial as approved, reviewed, or affirmed as required by this code, and all dismissals and discharges carried into execution under sentences by courts-martial following approval, review, or affirmation as required by this code, are final and conclusive. Orders publishing the proceedings of courts-martial and all action taken pursuant to those proceedings are binding upon all departments, courts, agencies, and officers of the United States and the several states, subject only to action upon a petition for a new trial as provided in section 201 of this Act and to action pursuant to section 202 of this Act.
    Section 207. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Pursuant to rules promulgated by the secretary of the Department of the Military pursuant to chapter 1-26, an accused who has been sentenced by a court-martial may be required to take leave pending completion of action under this section if the sentence, as approved pursuant to section 168 of this Act, includes an unsuspended dismissal or an unsuspended dishonorable or

bad-conduct discharge. The accused may be required to begin such leave on the date on which the sentence is approved pursuant to section 168 of this Act or at any time after such date, and such leave may be continued until the date on which action under this section is completed or may be terminated at any earlier time.
    Section 208. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    In the case of a person determined under this code to be presently suffering from a mental disease or defect rendering the person mentally incompetent to the extent that the person is unable to understand the nature of the proceedings against that person or to conduct or cooperate intelligently in the defense of the case, the general court-martial convening authority for that person shall commit the person to the custody of the state attorney general.
    Section 209. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The state attorney general shall take action in accordance with the state statute applicable to persons incompetent to stand trial. If at the end of the period for hospitalization provided for in the state statute applicable to persons incompetent to stand trial, it is determined that the committed person's mental condition has not so improved as to permit the trial to proceed, action shall be taken in accordance with the state statute applicable to persons incompetent to stand trial.
    Section 210. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    If the director of a facility in which a person is hospitalized pursuant to section 209 of this Act determines that the person has recovered to such an extent that the person is able to understand the nature of the proceedings against the person and to conduct or cooperate

intelligently in the defense of the case, the director shall promptly transmit a notification of that determination to the state attorney general and to the general court-martial convening authority for the person. The director shall send a copy of the notification to the person's counsel.
    Section 211. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    Upon receipt of a notification, the general court-martial convening authority shall promptly take custody of the person unless the person covered by the notification is no longer subject to this code. If the person is no longer subject to this code, the state attorney general shall take any action within the authority of the state attorney general that the state attorney general considers appropriate regarding the person.
    Section 212. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The director of the facility may retain custody of the person for not more than thirty days after transmitting the notifications required by section 210 of this Act.
    Section 213. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    In the application of the state statute applicable to persons incompetent to stand trial to a case under this section, references to the court that ordered the commitment of a person, and to the clerk of such court, shall be deemed to refer to the general court-martial convening authority for that person. However, if the person is no longer subject to this code at a time relevant to the application of such section to the person, the state trial court with felony jurisdiction in the county where the person is hospitalized or otherwise may be found shall be considered as the court that ordered the commitment of the person.
    Section 214. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read

as follows:

    If a person is found by a court-martial not guilty only by reason of lack of mental responsibility, the person shall be committed to a suitable facility until the person is eligible for release in accordance with this code.
    Section 215. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The court-martial shall conduct a hearing on the mental condition in accordance with the state statute applicable to persons incompetent to stand trial.
    Section 216. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    A report of the results of the hearing shall be made to the general court-martial convening authority for the person.
    Section 217. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    If the court-martial fails to find by the standard specified in the state statute applicable to persons incompetent to stand trial, that the person's release would not create a substantial risk of bodily injury to another person or serious damage of property of another due to a present mental disease or defect:
            (1)    The general court-martial convening authority may commit the person to the custody of the state attorney general; and
            (2)    The state attorney general shall take action in accordance with the state statute applicable to persons incompetent to stand trial.
    Section 218. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The state statute applicable to persons incompetent to stand trial shall apply in the case of a person hospitalized pursuant to this code, except that the state trial court with felony jurisdiction in the county where the person is hospitalized shall be considered as the court that ordered the person's commitment.
    Section 219. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Except as otherwise provided in this section and section 220 of this Act, the state statute most closely comparable to 18 U.S.C. 4247(d) as of January 1, 2012, apply in the administration of sections 207 to 218, inclusive, of this Act.
    In the application of the state statute most closely comparable to 18 U.S.C. 4247(d), to hearings conducted by a court-martial pursuant to sections 207 to 218, inclusive, of this Act, or by (or by order of) a general court-martial convening authority pursuant to sections 207 to 218, inclusive, of this Act, the reference in that section to section 3006A of such title does not apply.
    Section 220. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The state statute most closely comparable to chapter 313 of Title 18, United States Code, 18 U.S.C. § 4241 et seq. as of January 1, 2012, referred to in this section apply according to the provisions of this section notwithstanding section 4247(j) of Title 18.
    If the status of a person as described in section 2 of this Act terminates while the person is, pursuant to this section, in the custody of the state attorney general, hospitalized, or on conditional release under a prescribed regimen of medical, psychiatric, or psychological care or treatment, the provisions of this section establishing requirements and procedures regarding a person no longer subject to this code shall continue to apply to that person notwithstanding the change of status.
    Section 221. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who:
            (1)    Commits an offense punishable by this code, or aids, abets, counsels, commands, or procures its commission; or
            (2)    Causes an act to be done which if directly performed by the person would be punishable by this code;
is a principal.
    Section 222. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who, knowing that an offense punishable by this code has been committed, receives, comforts, or assists the offender in order to hinder or prevent the offender's apprehension, trial, or punishment shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 223. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    An accused may be found guilty of an offense necessarily included in the offense charged or of an attempt to commit either the offense charged or an offense necessarily included in the offense charged.
    Section 224. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    An act, done with specific intent to commit an offense under this code, amounting to more than mere preparation and tending, even though failing, to effect its commission, is an attempt to commit that offense.
    Section 225. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read

as follows:

    Any person subject to this code who attempts to commit any offense punishable by this code shall be punished as a court-martial may direct, unless otherwise specifically prescribed.
    Section 226. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code may be convicted of an attempt to commit an offense although it appears on the trial that the offense was consummated.
    Section 227. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who conspires with any other person to commit an offense under this code shall, if one or more of the conspirators does an act to effect the object of the conspiracy, be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 228. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who solicits or advises another or others to desert in violation of section 232 of this Act or mutiny in violation of section 243 of this Act shall, if the offense solicited or advised is attempted or committed, be punished with the punishment provided for the commission of the offense, but, if the offense solicited or advised is not committed or attempted, the person shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 229. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who solicits or advises another or others to commit an act of misbehavior before the enemy in violation of section 249 of this Act or sedition in violation of section 243 of this Act shall, if the offense solicited or advised is committed, be punished

with the punishment provided for the commission of the offense, but, if the offense solicited or advised is not committed, the person shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 230. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    Any person who:
            (1)    Procures his or her own enlistment or appointment in the state military forces by knowingly false representation or deliberate concealment as to the person's qualifications for that enlistment or appointment and receives pay or allowances there under; or
            (2)    Procures his or her own separation from the state military forces by knowingly false representation or deliberate concealment as to the person's eligibility for that separation;
shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 231. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who effects an enlistment or appointment in or a separation from the state military forces of any person who is known to the person to be ineligible for that enlistment, appointment, or separation because it is prohibited by law, regulation, or order shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 232. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any member of the state military forces who:
            (1)    Without authority goes or remains absent from the member's unit, organization, or place of duty with intent to remain away there from permanently;
            (2)    Quits the member's unit, organization, or place of duty with intent to avoid hazardous duty or to shirk important service; or
            (3)    Without being regularly separated from one of the state military forces enlists or accepts an appointment in the same or another one of the state military forces, or in one of the armed forces of the United States, without fully disclosing the fact that the member has not been regularly separated, or enters any foreign armed service except when authorized by the United States;
is guilty of desertion.
    Section 233. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any commissioned officer of the state military forces who, after tender of the officer's resignation and before notice of its acceptance, quits the officer's post or proper duties without leave and with intent to remain away therefrom permanently is guilty of desertion.
    Section 234. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person found guilty of desertion or attempt to desert shall be punished, if the offense is committed in time of war, by confinement of not more than ten years or such other punishment as a court-martial may direct, but if the desertion or attempt to desert occurs at any other time, by such punishment as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 235. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who, without authority:
            (1)    Fails to go to the person's appointed place of duty at the time prescribed;
            (2)    Goes from that place; or
            (3)    Absents himself or herself or remains absent from the person's unit, organization, or place of duty at which the person is required to be at the time prescribed;
shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 236. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who through neglect or design misses the movement of a ship, aircraft, or unit with which the person is required in the course of duty to move shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 237. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any commissioned officer who uses contemptuous words against the President, the Governor, or Legislature of this state shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 238. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who behaves with disrespect toward the person's superior commissioned officer shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 239. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who:
            (1)    Strikes the person's superior commissioned officer or draws or lifts up any weapon or offers any violence against the officer while the officer is in the execution of his or her office; or
            (2)    Willfully disobeys a lawful command of the person's superior commissioned officer;
shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 240. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any warrant officer or enlisted member who:
            (1)    Strikes or assaults a warrant officer, noncommissioned officer, or petty officer, while that officer is in the execution of his or her office;
            (2)    Willfully disobeys the lawful order of a warrant officer, noncommissioned officer, or petty officer; or
            (3)    Treats with contempt or is disrespectful in language or deportment toward a warrant officer, noncommissioned officer, or petty officer, while that officer is in the execution of his or her office;
shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 241. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who:
            (1)    Violates or fails to obey any lawful general order or regulation;
            (2)    Having knowledge of any other lawful order issued by a member of the state military forces, which it is the person's duty to obey, fails to obey the order; or
            (3)    Is derelict in the performance of the person's duties;
shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 242. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who is guilty of cruelty toward, or oppression or maltreatment of, any person subject to the person's orders shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 243. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who:
            (1)    With intent to usurp or override lawful military authority, refuses, in concert with any other person, to obey orders or otherwise do the person's duty or creates any violence or disturbance is guilty of mutiny;
            (2)    With intent to cause the overthrow or destruction of lawful civil authority, creates, in concert with any other person, revolt, violence, or other disturbance against that authority is guilty of sedition; or
            (3)    Fails to do the person's utmost to prevent and suppress a mutiny or sedition being committed in the person's presence, or fails to take all reasonable means to inform the person's superior commissioned officer or commanding officer of a mutiny or sedition which the person knows or has reason to believe is taking place, is guilty of a failure to suppress or report a mutiny or sedition.
    Section 244. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    A person who is found guilty of attempted mutiny, mutiny, sedition, or failure to suppress or report a mutiny or sedition shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 245. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who:
            (1)    Resists apprehension;
            (2)    Flees from apprehension;
            (3)    Breaks arrest; or
            (4)    Escapes from custody or confinement;
shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 246. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who, without proper authority, releases any prisoner committed to the person's charge, or who through neglect or design suffers any such prisoner to escape, shall be punished as a court-martial may direct, whether or not the prisoner was committed in strict compliance with law.
    Section 247. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who, except as provided by law or regulation, apprehends, arrests, or confines any person shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 248. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who:
            (1)    Is responsible for unnecessary delay in the disposition of any case of a person accused of an offense under this code; or
            (2)    Knowingly and intentionally fails to enforce or comply with any provision of this code regulating the proceedings before, during, or after trial of an accused;
shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 249. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who before or in the presence of the enemy:
            (1)    Runs away;
            (2)    Shamefully abandons, surrenders, or delivers up any command, unit, place, or military property which it is the person's duty to defend;
            (3)    Through disobedience, neglect, or intentional misconduct endangers the safety of any such command, unit, place, or military property;
            (4)    Casts away the person's arms or ammunition;
            (5)    Is guilty of cowardly conduct;
            (6)    Quits the person's place of duty to plunder or pillage;
            (7)    Causes false alarms in any command, unit, or place under control of the armed forces of the United States or the state military forces;
            (8)    Willfully fails to do the person's utmost to encounter, engage, capture, or destroy any enemy troops, combatants, vessels, aircraft, or any other thing, which it is the person's duty so to encounter, engage, capture, or destroy; or
            (9)    Does not afford all practicable relief and assistance to any troops, combatants, vessels, or aircraft of the armed forces belonging to the United States or their allies, to the state, or to any other state, when engaged in battle;
shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 250. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who compels or attempts to compel the commander of any of the state military forces of the state, or of any other state, place, vessel, aircraft, or other military property, or of any body of members of the armed forces, to give it up to an enemy or to abandon it, or who strikes the colors or flag to an enemy without proper authority, shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 251. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read

as follows:

    Any person subject to this code who in time of war discloses the parole or countersign to any person not entitled to receive it or who gives to another, who is entitled to receive and use the parole or countersign, a different parole or countersign from that which, to the person's knowledge, the person was authorized and required to give, shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 252. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Each person subject to this code shall secure all public property taken for the service of the United States or the state, and shall give notice and turn over to the proper authority without delay all captured or abandoned property in the person's possession, custody, or control.
    Section 253. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who:
            (1)    Fails to carry out the duties prescribed in section 252 of this Act;
            (2)    Buys, sells, trades, or in any way deals in or disposes of taken, captured, or abandoned property, whereby the person receives or expects any profit, benefit, or advantage to himself or herself or another directly or indirectly connected with himself or herself; or
            (3)    Engages in looting or pillaging;
shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 254. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who:
            (1)    Aids, or attempts to aid, the enemy with arms, ammunition, supplies, money, or other things; or
            (2)    Without proper authority, knowingly harbors or protects or gives intelligence to, or communicates or corresponds with or holds any intercourse with the enemy, either directly or indirectly;
shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 255. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who, while in the hands of the enemy in time of war:
            (1)    For the purpose of securing favorable treatment by the person's captors acts without proper authority in a manner contrary to law, custom, or regulation, to the detriment of others of whatever nationality held by the enemy as civilian or military prisoners; or
            (2)    While in a position of authority over such persons maltreats them without justifiable cause;
shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 256. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who, with intent to deceive, signs any false record, return, regulation, order, or other official document made in the line of duty, knowing it to be false, or makes any other false official statement made in the line of duty, knowing it to be false, shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 257. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who, without proper authority:
            (1)    Sells or otherwise disposes of;
            (2)    Willfully or through neglect damages, destroys, or loses; or
            (3)    Willfully or through neglect suffers to be lost, damaged, destroyed, sold, or wrongfully disposed of;
any military property of the United States or of any state, shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 258. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who willfully or recklessly wastes, spoils, or otherwise willfully and wrongfully destroys or damages any property other than military property of the United States or of any state shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 259. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who willfully and wrongfully hazards or suffers to be hazarded any vessel of the armed forces of the United States or any state military forces shall suffer such punishment as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 260. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who negligently hazards or suffers to be hazarded any vessel of the armed forces of the United States or any state military forces shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 261. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code other than a sentinel or lookout, who is found drunk on duty, shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 262. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who wrongfully uses, possesses, manufactures, distributes, imports into the customs territory of the United States, exports from the United States, or introduces into an installation, vessel, vehicle, or aircraft used by or under the control of the armed forces of the United States or of any state military forces a substance described in section 263 of this Act shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 263. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The substances referred to in section 262 of this Act are the following:
            (1)    Opium, heroin, cocaine, amphetamine, lysergic acid diethylamide, methamphetamine, phencyclidine, barbituric acid, and marijuana and any compound or derivative of any such substance;
            (2)    Any substance not specified in subdivision (1) of this section that is listed on a schedule of controlled substances prescribed by the President for the purposes of the Uniform Code of Military Justice of the armed forces of the United States 10 U.S.C. § 801 et seq. as of January 1, 2012; and
            (3)    Any other substance not specified in subdivision (1) of this section or contained on a list prescribed by the President pursuant to subdivision (2) of this section that is listed in schedules I through V of article 202 of the Controlled Substances Act 21 U.S.C. § 812 as of January 1, 2012.
    Section 264. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read

as follows:

    Any sentinel or look-out who is found drunk, or under the influence of a controlled substance identified in section 263 of this Act, or sleeping upon the sentinel's or look-out's post or leaves it before being properly relieved, shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 265. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who for the purpose of avoiding work, duty, or service:
            (1)    Feigns illness, physical disablement, mental lapse, or derangement; or
            (2)    Intentionally inflicts self-injury;
shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 266. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who causes or participates in any riot or breach of the peace shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 267. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code who uses provoking or reproachful words or gestures towards any other person subject to this code shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 268. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code:
            (1)    Who, knowing it to be false or fraudulent:
            (a)    Makes any claim against the United States, the state, or any officer thereof; or
            (b)    Presents to any person in the civil or military service thereof, for approval or

payment, any claim against the United States, the state, or any officer thereof;

            (2)    Who, for the purpose of obtaining the approval, allowance, or payment of any claim against the United States, the state, or any officer thereof:
            (a)    Makes or uses any writing or other paper knowing it to contain any false or fraudulent statements;
            (b)    Makes any oath, affirmation or certification to any fact or to any writing or other paper knowing the oath, affirmation or certification to be false; or
            (c)    Forges or counterfeits any signature upon any writing or other paper, or uses any such signature knowing it to be forged or counterfeited;
            (3)    Who, having charge, possession, custody, or control of any money, or other property of the United States or the state, furnished or intended for the armed forces of the United States or the state military forces, knowingly delivers to any person having authority to receive it, any amount thereof less than that for which the person receives a certificate or receipt; or
            (4)    Who, being authorized to make or deliver any paper certifying the receipt of any property of the United States or the state, furnished or intended for the armed forces of the United States or the state military forces, makes or delivers to any person such writing without having full knowledge of the truth of the statements therein contained and with intent to defraud the United States or the state;
shall, upon conviction, be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 269. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any commissioned officer, cadet, candidate, or midshipman who is convicted of conduct unbecoming an officer shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.
    Section 270. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Though not specifically mentioned in this code, any disorder and neglect to the prejudice of good order and discipline in the state military forces and all conduct of a nature to bring discredit upon the state military forces shall be taken cognizance of by a court-martial and punished at the discretion of a military court.
    Section 271. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Courts of inquiry to investigate any matter of concern to the state military forces may be convened by any person authorized to convene a general court-martial, whether or not the persons involved have requested such an inquiry.
    Section 272. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    A court of inquiry consists of three or more commissioned officers. For each court of inquiry, the convening authority shall also appoint counsel for the court.
    Section 273. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person subject to this code whose conduct is subject to inquiry shall be designated as a party. Any person subject to this code who has a direct interest in the subject of inquiry has the right to be designated as a party upon request to the court. Any person designated as a party shall be given due notice and has the right to be present, to be represented by counsel, to cross-examine witnesses, and to introduce evidence.
    Section 274. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Members of a court of inquiry may be challenged by a party, but only for cause stated to the court.
    Section 275. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The members, counsel, the reporter, and interpreters of courts of inquiry shall take an oath to faithfully perform their duties.
    Section 276. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Witnesses may be summoned to appear and testify and be examined before courts of inquiry, as provided for courts-martial.
    Section 277. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Courts of inquiry shall make findings of fact but may not express opinions or make recommendations unless required to do so by the convening authority.
    Section 278. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Each court of inquiry shall keep a record of its proceedings, which shall be authenticated by the signatures of the president and counsel for the court and forwarded to the convening authority. If the record cannot be authenticated by the president, it shall be signed by a member in lieu of the president. If the record cannot be authenticated by the counsel for the court, it shall be signed by a member in lieu of the counsel.
    Section 279. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The following persons may administer oaths for the purposes of military administration,

including military justice:

            (1)    All judge advocates;
            (2)    All summary courts-martial officers;
            (3)    All adjutants, assistant adjutants, acting adjutants, and personnel adjutants;
            (4)    All commanding officers; and
            (5)    All other persons designated by regulations of the armed forces of the United States or by statute.
    Section 280. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The following persons may administer oaths necessary in the performance of their duties:
            (1)    The president, military judge, and trial counsel for all general and special courts-martial;
            (2)    The president and the counsel for the court of any court of inquiry;
            (3)    All officers designated to take a deposition;
            (4)    All persons detailed to conduct an investigation;
            (5)    All recruiting officers; and
            (6)    All other persons designated by regulations of the armed forces of the United States or by statute.
    Section 281. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    For the purposes of sections 279 and 280 of this Act, the signature without seal of any such person, together with the title of the person's office, is prima facie evidence of the person's authority.
    Section 282. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read

as follows:

    Any member of the state military forces who believes himself or herself wronged by a commanding officer, and who, upon due application to that commanding officer, is refused redress, may complain to any superior commissioned officer, who shall forward the complaint to the officer exercising general court-martial jurisdiction over the officer against whom it is made. The officer exercising general court-martial jurisdiction shall examine into the complaint and take proper measures for redressing the wrong complained of; and shall, as soon as possible, send to the adjutant general a true statement of that complaint, with the proceedings had thereon.
    Section 283. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The Governor may delegate any authority vested in the Governor under this code, and provide for the subdelegation of any such authority, except the power given the Governor by section 48 of this Act.
    Section 284. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    The fees and authorized travel expenses of all witnesses, experts, victims, court reporters, and interpreters, fees for the service of process, the costs of collection, apprehension, detention and confinement, and all other necessary expenses of prosecution and the administration of military justice, not otherwise payable by any other source, shall be paid out of the military justice fund.
    Section 285. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    For the purposes of section 284 of this Act, there is created in the state treasury a fund to be designated the military justice fund that shall be administered by the adjutant general, from

which expenses of military justice shall be paid in the amounts and manner as prescribed by law. The Legislature may appropriate and have deposited in the military justice fund such funds as it deems necessary to carry out the purposes of this code.
    Section 286. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    Fines imposed by a military court or through imposition of nonjudicial punishment may be paid to the state and delivered to the court or imposing officer, or to a person executing their process. Fines may be collected in the following manner:
            (1)    By cash or money order;
            (2)    By retention of any pay or allowances due or to become due the person fined from any state or the United States; or
            (3)    By garnishment or levy, together with costs, on the wages, goods, and chattels of a person delinquent in paying a fine, as provided by law.
    Any sum so received or retained shall be deposited in the military justice fund or to whomever the court so directs.
    Section 287. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    This code shall be so construed as to effectuate its general purpose to make it uniform, so far as practical, with the Uniform Code of Military Justice, chapter 47 of Title 10, United States Code as of January 1, 2012.
    Section 288. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:
    Any person acting under the provisions of this code, whether as a member of the military or as a civilian, is immune from any personal liability for any of the acts or omissions which the

person did or failed to do as part of the person's duties under this code.
    Section 289. That chapter 33-10 be amended by adding thereto a NEW SECTION to read as follows:

    This Act may be cited as the Uniform State Code of Military Justice (USCMJ).
    Section 290. That § 33-10-1 be repealed.
    33-10-1. Except in organizations in the service of the United States, courts-martial in the National Guard are of three kinds: general courts-martial, special courts-martial, and summary courts-martial. Such courts are constituted the same and have cognizance of the same subjects and possess the same powers, except as to punishments, as similar courts provided for by the applicable laws and regulations governing the armed forces of the United States. The proceedings of courts-martial of the National Guard shall follow the forms and modes of procedure prescribed for such similar courts.
    Section 291. That § 33-10-2 be repealed.
    33-10-2. General courts-martial for members of the national guard not in the service of the United States may be convened by order of the Governor or of the adjutant general. Such courts may impose fines not to exceed two hundred dollars, require the forfeiture of pay and allowances, issue a reprimand, dismiss from the service, impose a dishonorable discharge from the service, or reduce noncommissioned officers to the ranks.
    Section 292. That § 33-10-3 be repealed.
    33-10-3. The commanding officer of any National Guard unit not in the service of the United States may convene special or summary courts-martial for the unit if the unit commander is required to be an officer of the rank of at least lieutenant colonel and if the convening authority holds the rank of lieutenant colonel or higher. However, such courts-martial may in any case be convened by superior authority. Special or summary courts-martial may try any

member of the National Guard not in the service of the United States, except a commissioned officer. The special or summary courts-martial have the same powers of punishment as do general courts-martial, except as limited by the Uniform Code of Military Justice in effect on January 1, 2007, and the South Dakota manual for courts-martial. No special court-martial may impose a dishonorable discharge. No summary court-martial may discharge or dismiss any member from the National Guard.
    Section 293. That § 33-10-4 be repealed.
    33-10-4. All courts-martial of the National Guard, not in the service of the United States, including summary courts, may sentence to confinement in lieu of fines authorized to be imposed. No such sentence of confinement may exceed one day for each dollar of fine authorized.
    Section 294. That § 33-10-5 be repealed.
    33-10-5. The constitution and jurisdiction of courts-martial, the form and manner in which the proceedings of military courts are conducted and recorded, the forms of oaths and affirmations taken in the administration of military law by such courts, and the limits of punishment and the proceedings in revision are governed by the Uniform Code of Military Justice, 10 U.S.C. § 801 et seq., in effect on January 1, 2007, and the South Dakota manual for courts-martial.
    Section 295. That § 33-10-6 be repealed.
    33-10-6. The articles of the Uniform Code of Military Justice, in effect on January 1, 2007, and the manual for courts-martial of the United States, in effect on January 1, 2007, governing the armed forces of the United States, so far as they are compatible with the provisions of this chapter and the South Dakota manual for courts-martial, are adopted for the government of the National Guard and militia of this state.


    Section 296. That § 33-10-7 be repealed.
    33-10-7. Commanding officers of the National Guard may impose nonjudicial punishment as provided in the Uniform Code of Military Justice of the United States in effect on January 1, 2007, and the South Dakota manual for courts-martial.
    Section 297. That § 33-10-8 be repealed.
    33-10-8. Any court authorized by this chapter shall have the same power as other courts of the state to compel the attendance of witnesses, through the senior officer or president of the court, or the military judge thereof, and to administer oaths to such witnesses and issue subpoenas for all witnesses deemed necessary by the court. Such officer or president may issue attachment for the witness, and all sheriffs, jailers, and constables shall execute any process issued by such senior officer, president or military judge for that purpose. The person attached for nonattendance shall pay the usual fees for such service, besides the penalty provided, unless he satisfies the court that his failure to attend was excusable. Every witness not appearing in obedience to such subpoena if duly served with a copy of the same, and not having a sufficient excuse, commits a Class 2 misdemeanor.
    Section 298. That § 33-10-9 be repealed.
    33-10-9. Any person behaving in a disrespectful manner or using any insulting language before any military court, or to a member thereof, in open court, intending to disturb or impair the authority of such court, may be punished for contempt of court by confinement in the jail of the county in which the court sits, by warrant under the hand of the president of such court.
    Section 299. That § 33-10-10 be repealed.
    33-10-10. The warrant authorized by § 33-10-9 shall be directed to the sheriff or any constable or marshal of the county, or the officer attending the court, and shall set forth the circumstances of the offense adjudged to have been committed. The warrant shall command the

officer to whom it is directed to commit the offender to the county jail. The offender shall remain without bail and in close confinement for a limited time, not to exceed three days, and until the officer's fees for committing and the jailer's fees are paid. The sheriff shall obey the warrant and keep the person as directed, unless the person is discharged by a judge of a court of record in the same manner and under the same rules as in cases of imprisonment under process of contempt from a court of competent jurisdiction.
    Section 300. That § 33-10-11 be repealed.
    33-10-11. No sentence of dismissal from the service or dishonorable discharge, imposed by a National Guard court-martial, not in the service of the United States, may be executed until approved by the Governor.
    Section 301. That § 33-10-12 be repealed.
    33-10-12. A military court sitting in any county shall be attended by the county sheriff, or some suitable person designated by the sheriff, who shall be the marshal of the court and perform the usual duties of such marshals. The marshal shall execute any process lawfully issued by the court and perform all acts and duties by this chapter imposed on and authorized to be performed by any sheriff, marshal, or constable. The officer ordering the court shall furnish a copy of the order to the sheriff of the county where the court is directed to meet. The order constitutes notice to the sheriff to appear or designate someone as marshal of the court.
    Section 302. That § 33-10-13 be repealed.
    33-10-13. Every marshal appointed to a military court shall be allowed the same fees and mileage allowed sheriffs for their duties in criminal cases as provided in § 7-12-18, the same to be paid on the certificate of the president of the court or presiding judge as to number of days employed and other duties performed. No marshal may receive any fees from the person served.
    Section 303. That § 33-10-14 be repealed.


    33-10-14. Refusal or neglect by the sheriff or marshal to execute any warrant required in § 33-10-12 or to return and pay all the money collected as fines subjects the offending sheriff or marshal to double the amount of such fines and penalties. The conversion to personal use of moneys so collected by any sheriff or marshal is theft and shall be prosecuted as such in any court of the state having jurisdiction in such cases.
    Section 304. That § 33-10-15 be repealed.
    33-10-15. For the purpose of collecting fines imposed by courts-martial, the president of the court shall, within twenty days after the proceedings of the court have been approved, make a list of all persons fined, describing them distinctly and showing the fine imposed on each person and not paid. The president of the court shall then draw an official warrant, directed to the sheriff of the county or the marshal of the court, commanding the sheriff or marshal to levy a fine, together with the costs, on the goods and chattels of the delinquent as provided by chapter 15-19. The adjutant general shall deposit the fine in the special militia fund.
    Section 305. That § 33-10-16 be repealed.
    33-10-16. No action may be maintained against any member of a military court on account of the imposition of a fine or penalty, or for the execution of a sentence on any person, if the person has been returned as delinquent and duly summoned before the court, or has appeared before the court to answer the charge made against the person.
    Section 306. That § 33-10-17 be repealed.
    33-10-17. If the Governor, as commander in chief, issues an order to the National Guard, or any portion thereof, or the commanding officer of an organization issues any order, to perform any military duty which may be required under the law and regulations, and any enlisted service member fails to report for duty, a sheriff or any law enforcement officer shall, upon written request of the commanding officer of such company or troop, when furnished with

a copy of the order of the Governor or the commanding officer of the organization, arrest the enlisted service member and deliver that enlisted service member in person to the commanding officer wherever the commanding officer may direct. The sheriff or any law enforcement officer shall be allowed the same fees and mileage for such service as are now allowed by law in criminal cases. The fees and mileage shall in the first instance be paid by the state if the service member's duties are in the service of the state, otherwise the fees and mileage shall be paid as the United States so provides. The fees and mileage may be recovered from the service member in accordance with the rules and regulations of the United States armed forces. The adjutant general may promulgate rules, pursuant to chapter 1-26, to provide for the recovery of fines and mileage from a service member who fails to report for military duty as ordered.
    Section 307. That § 33-10-18 be repealed.
    33-10-18. The commanding officer at any encampment, parade, drill, muster, annual training, or other rendezvous of the National Guard may order subordinates to perform any lawful military duty. The commanding officer may place in arrest during the time of such meeting, and confine under guard, if necessary, any officer or enlisted member who disobeys the orders of a superior officer or in any way interrupts the training or exercises. The commanding officer may remove any other person who trespasses on the parade ground or armory, or in any way interrupts the orderly discharge of duty of any National Guard member.
    Section 308. That § 33-10-19 be repealed.
    33-10-19. The senior judge advocate shall appoint military judges. Any person so appointed shall be a member of the bar of the Supreme Court of the State of South Dakota. Military judges need not be members of the national guard.